𝗣𝗗𝗙 | On Nov 30, , Susan Goldhor and others published The Malay Archipelago. The Malay Archipelago is the vast chain of islands stretching eastward from Sumatra for more than 6, kilometres. Most of it now falls within the sovereignties. The Malay Archipelago: the land of the orang-utan and the bird of paradise: a narrative of travel, with studies of man and nature by Alfred Russel Wallace;
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Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. musicmarkup.info . sketch of the Piaces of Man in the Archipelago and the sur- rounding countries. Cambridge Core - Evolutionary Biology - The Malay Archipelago - by Alfred Russel Wallace. pp i-xii. Access. PDF; Export citation. PREFACE. pp xiii-xxi.
Licence This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. Previous studies of marine biota from this region have found a variety of biogeographic barriers, seemingly dependent on taxon and methodology. Several hypotheses, such as emergence of the Sunda Shelf and recent physical oceanography, have been proposed to account for the genetic structuring of marine organisms in this region. Here, we used six microsatellite loci to infer genetic diversity, population differentiation and phylogeographic patterns of Enhalus acoroides across the Indo-Malay Archipelago. Heterozygosities were consistently high, and significant isolation-by-distance, consistent with restricted gene flow, was observed.
In a crisp, clear writing style, Wallace described peoples, landscapes and nature with particularly exquisite chapters on birds of paradise and Singapore being personal favourites of mine. While these tales are fascinating, the reason the book remains an important piece of literature with a global impact is what occurred to Wallace intellectually while in Southeast Asia.
During his journey, he took note of geographical distribution of animals throughout the archipelago.
Wallace slowly came to a realization that led to the development of one of the most revolutionary ideas in history: a basic understanding of evolution through natural selection. Readers of this journal, however, already know most of this information. After all, anyone with a passing interest in Wallace, Malaysia, nineteenth-century Southeast Asia, or natural history already owns the book.
These questions include: has the editor added anything new to our understanding of the work, or Wallace? This edition of The Malay Archipelago is a product of the larger work of its editor, John van Wyhe, who has spent the past decade developing and operating the Wallace Online website www.
Here, we used six microsatellite loci to infer genetic diversity, population differentiation and phylogeographic patterns of Enhalus acoroides across the Indo-Malay Archipelago. Heterozygosities were consistently high, and significant isolation-by-distance, consistent with restricted gene flow, was observed.
Both a neighbour joining tree based on DA distance and Bayesian clustering revealed three major clusters of E.
Our results indicate that phylogeographic patterns of E. Recent physical oceanography such as the South Java Current and the Seasonally Reversing Current may also play a role in shaping the genetic patterns of E. Despite a growing number of such phylogeographic studies in the Indian and Pacific Ocean, only a few have tried to identify specific elements within the Indo-Malay Archipelago responsible for establishing and maintaining these barriers Carpenter et al.
During the last glacial maxima LGM , these islands coalesced to form a large land mass known as the Sunda shelf Voris, Despite their similar geological origin, the population structure of flora and fauna in these islands is not homogenous.
Studies of the mantis shrimp Haptosquilla pulchella have revealed a sharp genetic break across the Java Sea, which divides the population into north Pacific and south Indian Barber et al.
Other studies on the giant clam Tridacna crocea DeBoer et al. Thus, the phylogeographic patterns in these regions are quite complex. Abdullah Abbas, Nasution Haji , Tafsir Harian al-Quran al-Karim. Abdullah al-Qari, B. Salleh, Abdullah Basmeih, Syeikh , Darul Fikir.
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