Read The Orion Mystery PDF - Unlocking the Secrets of the Pyramids by Robert Bauval Broadway Books | A revolutionary book that explains th. A revolutionary book that explains the most enigmatic and fascinating wonder of the ancient world: the Pyramids of Egypt. "[An] absorbing and fascinating work. The Orion mystery. byRobert Bauval. Publication date For print-disabled users. Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files.
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1 The Genesis of the Orion Mystery. 2 The Mountains of the Star Gods. 3 The Discovery of the Pyramid Texts. 4 Let the Pyramid Texts 'Speak'. 5 The Giza Plan. A revolutionary book that explains the most enigmatic and fascinating wonder of the ancient world: the Pyramids of Egypt. In , German robotics engineer. The Orion Mystery The three pyramids of Giza are a perfect reproduction of the 3 stars of Orion’s belt: Like. Robert Bauval has spent the last ten years investigating the pyramids themselves and the Pyramid Texts, the oldest writings known to mankind. The correlation.
History[ edit ] The Orion correlation theory was put forward by Robert Bauval , and mentioned that Mintaka , the dimmest and most westerly of the stars making up Orion's belt , was offset slightly from the others. Bauval then made a connection between the layout of the three main stars in Orion's belt and the layout of the three main pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex. He published this idea in in the journal Discussions in Egyptology, volume The idea has been further expounded by Bauval in collaboration with Adrian Gilbert The Orion Mystery, and Graham Hancock Keeper of Genesis , , as well as in their separate publications. The basis of this theory concerns the proposition that the relative positions of three main Ancient Egyptian pyramids on the Giza plateau was by design correlated with the relative positions of the three stars in the constellation of Orion which make up Orion's Belt— as these stars appeared in 10, BC. Their initial ideas regarding the alignment of the Giza pyramids with Orion "…the three pyramids were a terrestrial map of the three stars of Orion's belt"— Hancock's Fingerprints of the Gods , , p.
Krupp presented a counterpoint to the objections, that Bauval stated had been made by the late Dr. Roy, who was a Professor Emeritus of Astronomy at Glasgow University including the accusation that Bauval and Gilbert deliberately inverted the pyramid map.
Andrew Collins and Rodney Hale have proposed an 'alternative correlation theory' using three bright stars in the Cygnus constellation. Their proposal has also been contested.
The Great Sphinx is one of the world's largest and oldest statues, yet basic facts about it such as the real-life model for the face, when and why it was built, and by whom, are debated. These questions have collectively earned the title " Riddle of the Sphinx ", a nod to its Greek namesake.
The Great Sphinx is commonly accepted by Egyptologists to represent the likeness of King Khafra also known by the Hellenised version of his name, Chephren  who is often credited as the builder as well.
This would place the time of construction somewhere between BC and BC. Because the limited evidence giving provenance to Khafra is ambiguous, the idea of who built the Sphinx, and when, continues to be the subject of debate. An argument put forward by Bauval and Hancock to support the Orion Correlation Theory is that the construction of the Great Sphinx was begun in 10, BC ; that the Sphinx's lion -shape is a definitive reference to the constellation of Leo ; and that the layout and orientation of the Sphinx, the Giza pyramid complex and the Nile River are an accurate reflection or "map" of the constellations of Leo, Orion specifically, Orion's Belt and the Milky Way , respectively.
They also suggest that in this epoch the angles between the three stars of Orion's Belt and the horizon were an "exact match" to the angles between the three main Giza pyramids. This was the original locus of the purported correlation as proposed by Bauval and neither he nor his critics have ever questioned this arrangement.
A central- point based alignment seems intuitive for us as modern observers and, for Bauval, it makes a logical choice, as he associates the pyramid capstone with the ancient and mysterious ben-ben stone - an object he and others believe had immense stellar associations. It is the authors' position that, even if Bauval's conclusions regarding the significance and placement of the ben-ben stone are accepted, this evidence is insufficient to require the locus of any star alignment to touch upon the pinnacles.
Indeed, the authors maintain that any a priori conclusions regarding the locus of the alignment are presumptive and thus prejudice the detection of such an alignment - should one, in fact, exist. Once the bias in favor of the pyramid pinnacles is discarded, a simple rationalization of the angular and distance error and vertical congruity paradox almost suggests itself.
The width of GI is c. GIII, however, is only c. Using these figures, the reader may guess how the apparent misalignment of the Orion's Belt geometry can easily be explained. IMAGE 3. This alternative arrangement of the Orion Correlation alone is enough to defeat the angle and distance error objection to the OCT. The apparent exaggeration of the offset of GIII, and the contraction of the separation between GIII and GII, are now easily explained as artifacts of presumptions regarding the locus of the alignment; it being no less conceivable for the Ancient Egyptians to have arranged the pyramids to the west of the alignment locus than to have erected the pyramids around and above the three points.
Of the two alignment scenarios, only one produces no visible error and the resulting conjunction with the stars makes for, if nothing else, an incredible coincidence.
The single disadvantage of the eastward shift of the alignment is the loss of the psychologically nascent focus point created by the pyramid pinnacles and their ben-ben stones. These form obvious points of singularity against which an alignment can easily be measured and by which, it has been argued, the architects intended to mark the points of correlation with each star.
If the locus of the alignment falls to the east of the pyramid pinnacles then the pinnacles can no longer be maintained as markers for the correlation. In the absence of such markers, and despite the remarkable congruency described above for the eastward-shifted alignment scenario, the case for intent is more difficult to establish. This begs the question as to whether any artifacts do mark these points at all. While it is possible to argue that the pyramids alone are the only markers of even the rearranged Orion correlation, a convincing case for intent requires the strictest possible correlation between sky and ground.
To that end, it must be hoped that three architectural features exist along the points implied by the newly placed star pattern: features that are, by comparison with the pyramid pinnacles, of equal or greater internal consistency and psychological nascence.
Interestingly, remarkably consistent architectural features do mark the ground to the immediate east of the three pyramids: three mortuary temples located mid-way along each of the three pyramids' eastern edges. If an architectural marker for the alignment exists, it may very well be located here. Extending imaginary lines between the stars, each of the three points of light that make up Orion's Belt connect to form an ideal triangle to which similar patterns on the ground may be compared.
Unfortunately, specific sightings for internal features of the Mortuary Temple complexes must rely upon some imaginative reconstruction, as these structures now lie in abject ruin.
Mark Lehner has largely overcome these challenges by providing a wealth of detail regarding the missing architecture through efforts characterized by meticulous measuring and a keen understanding of Mortuary Temple patterns of design and development. Using available survey data, in conjunction with reconstructions of the Mortuary Temple facades, several common features within the temples were examined to determine their degree of alignment. Each measure involved a comparison of the triangle formed by the three features tested with the pattern formed by the three stars of Orion's Belt.
Features examined included the mid- point of the Mortuary Temple courtyards, the entrances, each of the four corners, points along the four sides and even points along an imaginary causeway line extended through the Mortuary Temple footprint. None of these locations produced a match with an error margin of less than ten feet.
Ultimately, the Mortuary Temple false doors proved the best match for any set of three features the authors tested.
Unfortunately even this match produced a mismatch of 43 feet plus or minus Egyptology needs fresh thinking, new ideas--it needs more Robert Bauvals instead of dismissing them as "pyramidiots," one of the actual terms used by Egyptologists.
The book is a narration of how Bauval developed his own theory of the origin and purpose of the Egyptian pyramids. Quite a bit of it is concerned with the details of his efforts to get more information and his dealings with professional Egyptologists, most of whom were dismissive of his ideas. There were important exceptions, though, such as the warmth and interest he was shown by I. Edwards, octogenarian former Keeper of Egyptian Antiquities at the British Museum--the more important because he was regarded by many as the foremost authority on the Egyptian pyramids.
Bauval's theory is that the complex of pyramids of the Fourth Dynasty was conceived and built as whole: a gigantic, multigenerational megaproject. They, along with the river Nile and the ancient cities of Heliopolis and Letopolis, mapped a portion of the heavens, and served specific funerary functions, although they were not tombs of individual pharaohs.
Rather, they were a system to ensure the flight of the dead pharaoh's soul to the stars, and his rebirth as the next pharaoh. I won't say more about the specifics so as not to spoil the reading, journey, which does indeed read something like a mystery. The account of Bauval's discovery of the correlation between the Giza pyramids and the belt of Orion is delightful and authentic. Adrian Gilbert, listed as coauthor, is an English publisher with whom Bauval joined forces when they discovered a shared interest in the pyramids.
It seems that Gilbert provided organizational, research, and editorial help to a project that was really Bauval's. The book is narrated in Bauval's voice.
I learned a lot of new things in The Orion Mystery, and I say this as someone who has studied the Great Pyramid more than casually over the years.