musicmarkup.info: The Art of Saxophone Playing (): Larry Teal: Books. a Kindle? Get your Kindle here, or download a FREE Kindle Reading App. (Sax. Met) Teal, Larry - The Art of Saxophone Playing. Report. Post on Jun- Views. Category: Documents. 33 Downloads. Download. prev. next. Read and Download Ebook Book The Art Of Saxophone Playing PDF According to Larry Teal, the best method of learning to play the saxophone is to study.
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(Saxophone) Larry Teal - The Art Of Saxophone musicmarkup.info DownloadReport. Published on Oct View Download Facebook · Twitter · E-Mail. (Sax. Met) Teal, Larry - The Art of Saxophone Playing - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Larry Teal The Art Of Saxophone Playing PDF. This book is the widely acknowledged prime source for saxophone information. Every sax.
It is far cheaper to obtain a fine instrument from the outset than to endure the frustration of either learning on, or ltstentng to, an inferior saxophone. The often heard expression "good enough to learn on" should be outlawed. A student is entitled to an instrument that is "good enougbto play well on" from the very first.. The student may have been wrestling with this situation for several months or more, and the effect on the embouchure, his enthusiasm for playi. If at all possible, get the advice ofan expert. The purchaseofan instrument is in most cases a major expenditure, and should not be treated lightly. The professional musician, private teacher or public school music teacher will be glad to consult with you in this matter.
Many classical players look to violinists as the models for their sound. Jazz vibrato varies even more amongst players. Fast and wide vibrato is used by Swing music players, while some modern jazz saxophonists use almost no vibrato except in slow ballads. Typically, less vibrato is used at faster tempos. Players just starting out with vibrato will usually start out slow with exaggerated jaw movements.
As they progress, the vibrato becomes quicker until the desired speed is reached. Vibrato can also be produced by controlling the air stream with the tongue.
Techniques alternative to jaw vibrato can be used to achieve a beautiful tone quality, but can also diverge noticeably from tone quality produced by classical jaw vibrato. However, this is more difficult to control, as it causes a greater disturbance to the basic embouchure. This type of pulsation tends to dominate the tone so much than the listener hears more vibrato than tone.
They would usually be learnt only after mastery of the basics and employed for unorthodox musical vocabulary. Growling is a technique used whereby the saxophonist sings, hums, or growls, using the back of the throat while playing.
It is rarely found in classical or band music, but is often utilized in jazz, blues, rock 'n' roll, and other popular genres. Glissando is a pitch technique where the saxophonist bends the pitch of the note using voicing tongue and embouchure placement to move to another fingered note. Johnny Hodges was particularly noted for his mastery of this technique. A more modern expert of the saxophone glissando is Phil Woods who can play a fluid glissando across the entire range of the horn.
A special fingering combination causes the instrument to vibrate at two different pitches alternately, creating a warbling sound. A similar effect can also be created by 'humming' while playing a note. The use of overtones involves fingering one note but altering the air stream to produce another note which is an overtone of the fingered note.
The practice of overtones is often used as a preliminary exercise for students learning to produce notes above high F the " altissimo register". This causes the air stream to either speed up or slow down, respectively.
Slap tonguing creates a "popping" or percussive sound. A slap may be notated either pitched, or non-pitched. Pitched slaps are also called "closed" slaps referring to the mouth on the mouthpiece and result in a tone identical to the fingered pitch. A non-pitched slap is also called an "open" slap, because the saxophonist must remove his or her mouth from the reed. A good sound is not easy to achieve. It is demanding both mentally and physically; a concept that is sometimes hard to understand for the younger student.
The concept of breath support and its application need not change from classical to jazz performance. Referred to earlier as a "functional embouchure," this implies that the embouchure should not get in the way of producing a decent sound.
The traditional concept of "cushioned but firm" applies in both instances, with the corners of the mouth firm and the lower lip acting as a cushion between the reed and the bottom teeth. The idea of the embouchure being "horizontally focused" is essential in keeping the lower lip relaxed and maximizing the vibration of the reed.
Fine tonal control, as a result, consists of the ability to keep the corners of the embouchure directed inward at all times. This is a very simple way to illustrate the correct saxophone embouchure. For the jazz saxophonist, the embouchure is traditionally a bit looser as a result of the greater flexibility demanded by certain stylistic considerations and more open mouthpiece.
The corners remain somewhat firm but the embouchure must not interfere with the reed's vibration. This balance usually requires what may seem to be a greater volume of air to the classical saxophonist, but it can be thought of as a wider airstream with the same amount of breath support. The main difference in "feel" will be that there is less resistance in the jazz set-up. There are other areas where there exists quite a difference. This section will attempt to clarify these areas.
Certain melodic and harmonic elements in the music help govern the phrase length and overall phrase continuity. There are many elements within the phrase rhythm, articulation, vibrato , which differ depending on the style of music that is being performed.
The only rhythmic considerations that are left up to the discretion of the performer are those involving tempo changes within a phrase. Note values eighths, sixteenths, etc.
In the jazz idiom, the interpretation of rhythm is dependent upon the performer's experience and familiarity with the style. In the "swing" style, eighth notes are no longer played straight up and down but rather have more of a triplet feel to them. Even this description of how the correct "swing" eighth note should feel is not truly accurate, since it cannot be effectively notated. There is no better way than to listen to the jazz masters saxophonists, trumpeters, etc. There also exists occasions where the "straight" eighth note is still the best way to interpret a different style within a jazz framework.
Sambas, bossa novas, etc.
Again, the best way to interpret this music is to become totally familiar with the style. The pattern of tonguing and slurring is usually determined well in advance of the performance of any piece.
Changes made be made to facilitate speed or cleanliness of attack, but the basic articulation will remain the same.
In the jazz style, an aural tradition has been handed down over the years, which gives us some guidelines for articulation. In a jazz piece it is not unusual for articulation not to be written at all but left up to the knowledge and discretion of the performer. As a result, the performer should be familiar with some basic patterns that are found in jazz articulation.
Tonguing every off-beat of an eighth-note line is a very common practice as is tonguing the last note in any group of eighth notes. Syncopations, changes in harmonic or melodic direction can all be highlighted with the tongue. These patterns of articulation coupled with the rhythm discussed in the previous section are some of the key elements in jazz interpretation. These may seem a bit vague, but since this is mainly an aural tradition, many of these concepts simply cannot be put into words.
You have to hear it to be able to play it!
Good "classical" vibrato, whether on the saxophone or any other instrument, should be an integral part of the sound and help enhance the phrasing and interpretation of the performer. The speed and width of the vibrato may change for musical considerations and for a more dramatic effect, but it should never distract the listener or be in fact the only thing an audience will remember about your performance!
In jazz, while used somewhat more as a coloring device, the vibrato still needs to support the musical line and is responsible for conveying a great deal of emotion and musicality. As in the classical style, this takes much listening, practice and patience!