The young, unshakable love of Juliet and Romeo defies Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. Read an . See all books by William Shakespeare. Free download of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Read, write reviews and more. Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two .. The First Folio text of was based primarily on Q3, with clarifications and corrections possibly coming from a theatrical prompt book or Q1 .
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Yes Book Please | Download free eBooks with direct links without registration / c%2ftrack%2fl%2fbookrix%2f_ebook-william-shakespeare-romeo-and-juliet. Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare between , and it remains one of his most popular and frequently performed plays. Romeo and Juliet book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare creates a violent world, in w.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. Shakespeare borrowed heavily from both but, to expand the plot, developed supporting characters, particularly Mercutio and Paris. Believed to have been written between and , the play was first published in a quarto version in This text was of poor quality, and later editions corrected it, bringing it more in line with Shakespeare's original.
Caroline Spurgeon considers the theme of light as "symbolic of the natural beauty of young love" and later critics have expanded on this interpretation. Romeo describes Juliet as being like the sun,  brighter than a torch,  a jewel sparkling in the night,  and a bright angel among dark clouds.
For example, Romeo and Juliet's love is a light in the midst of the darkness of the hate around them, but all of their activity together is done in night and darkness while all of the feuding is done in broad daylight. This paradox of imagery adds atmosphere to the moral dilemma facing the two lovers: loyalty to family or loyalty to love. At the end of the story, when the morning is gloomy and the sun hiding its face for sorrow, light and dark have returned to their proper places, the outward darkness reflecting the true, inner darkness of the family feud out of sorrow for the lovers.
All characters now recognise their folly in light of recent events, and things return to the natural order, thanks to the love and death of Romeo and Juliet. Both Romeo and Juliet struggle to maintain an imaginary world void of time in the face of the harsh realities that surround them.
Stars were thought to control the fates of humanity, and as time passed, stars would move along their course in the sky, also charting the course of human lives below. Romeo speaks of a foreboding he feels in the stars' movements early in the play, and when he learns of Juliet's death, he defies the stars' course for him. Thomas Tanselle believe that time was "especially important to Shakespeare" in this play, as he used references to "short-time" for the young lovers as opposed to references to "long-time" for the "older generation" to highlight "a headlong rush towards doom".
In the end, the only way they seem to defeat time is through a death that makes them immortal through art. In Shakespeare's day, plays were most often performed at noon or in the afternoon in broad daylight.
Shakespeare uses references to the night and day, the stars, the moon, and the sun to create this illusion. He also has characters frequently refer to days of the week and specific hours to help the audience understand that time has passed in the story.
All in all, no fewer than references to time are found in the play, adding to the illusion of its passage.
The earliest known critic of the play was diarist Samuel Pepys , who wrote in "it is a play of itself the worst that I ever heard in my life. Publisher Nicholas Rowe was the first critic to ponder the theme of the play, which he saw as the just punishment of the two feuding families. In mid-century, writer Charles Gildon and philosopher Lord Kames argued that the play was a failure in that it did not follow the classical rules of drama: the tragedy must occur because of some character flaw , not an accident of fate.
Writer and critic Samuel Johnson , however, considered it one of Shakespeare's "most pleasing" plays. Actor and playwright David Garrick 's adaptation excluded Rosaline: Romeo abandoning her for Juliet was seen as fickle and reckless. Critics such as Charles Dibdin argued that Rosaline had been purposely included in the play to show how reckless the hero was and that this was the reason for his tragic end. Others argued that Friar Laurence might be Shakespeare's spokesman in his warnings against undue haste.
With the advent of the 20th century, these moral arguments were disputed by critics such as Richard Green Moulton : he argued that accident, and not some character flaw, led to the lovers' deaths. Before Mercutio's death in Act three, the play is largely a comedy. When Romeo is banished, rather than executed, and Friar Laurence offers Juliet a plan to reunite her with Romeo, the audience can still hope that all will end well. They are in a "breathless state of suspense" by the opening of the last scene in the tomb: If Romeo is delayed long enough for the Friar to arrive, he and Juliet may yet be saved.
For example, when the play begins, Romeo is in love with Rosaline, who has refused all of his advances. Romeo's infatuation with her stands in obvious contrast to his later love for Juliet. This provides a comparison through which the audience can see the seriousness of Romeo and Juliet's love and marriage. Paris' love for Juliet also sets up a contrast between Juliet's feelings for him and her feelings for Romeo.
The formal language she uses around Paris, as well as the way she talks about him to her Nurse, show that her feelings clearly lie with Romeo. Beyond this, the sub-plot of the Montague—Capulet feud overarches the whole play, providing an atmosphere of hate that is the main contributor to the play's tragic end.
He begins with a line prologue in the form of a Shakespearean sonnet , spoken by a Chorus. Most of Romeo and Juliet is, however, written in blank verse , and much of it in strict iambic pentameter , with less rhythmic variation than in most of Shakespeare's later plays. Friar Laurence, for example, uses sermon and sententiae forms and the Nurse uses a unique blank verse form that closely matches colloquial speech. For example, when Romeo talks about Rosaline earlier in the play, he attempts to use the Petrarchan sonnet form.
Petrarchan sonnets were often used by men to exaggerate the beauty of women who were impossible for them to attain, as in Romeo's situation with Rosaline. That hatred manifests itself directly in the lovers' language: Juliet, for example, speaks of "my only love sprung from my only hate"  and often expresses her passion through an anticipation of Romeo's death.
When Tybalt kills Mercutio, Romeo shifts into this violent mode, regretting that Juliet has made him so "effeminate". The feud is also linked to male virility, as the numerous jokes about maidenheads aptly demonstrate. Other critics, such as Dympna Callaghan, look at the play's feminism from a historicist angle, stressing that when the play was written the feudal order was being challenged by increasingly centralised government and the advent of capitalism.
At the same time, emerging Puritan ideas about marriage were less concerned with the "evils of female sexuality" than those of earlier eras and more sympathetic towards love-matches: when Juliet dodges her father's attempt to force her to marry a man she has no feeling for, she is challenging the patriarchal order in a way that would not have been possible at an earlier time.
As Benvolio argues, she is best replaced by someone who will reciprocate. Shakespeare's procreation sonnets describe another young man who, like Romeo, is having trouble creating offspring and who may be seen as being a homosexual.
Goldberg believes that Shakespeare may have used Rosaline as a way to express homosexual problems of procreation in an acceptable way. In this view, when Juliet says " He had Romeo walk frequently by her house, "sometimes climbing to her chamber window", and wrote, "It happened one night, as love ordained, when the moon shone unusually bright, that whilst Romeo was climbing the balcony, the young lady A few decades later, Bandello greatly expanded this scene, diverging from the familiar one: Julia has her nurse deliver a letter asking Romeo to come to her window with a rope ladder, and he climbs the balcony with the help of his servant, Julia and the nurse the servants discreetly withdraw after this.
Leveen suggested that during the 18th century, David Garrick chose to use a balcony in his adaptation and revival of Romeo and Juliet and modern adaptations have continued this tradition.
Its many adaptations have made it one of his most enduring and famous stories. Scholar Gary Taylor measures it as the sixth most popular of Shakespeare's plays, in the period after the death of Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Kyd but before the ascendancy of Ben Jonson during which Shakespeare was London's dominant playwright.
The First Quarto, printed in , says that "it hath been often and with great applause plaid publiquely", setting the first performance before that date. The Lord Chamberlain's Men were certainly the first to perform it.
Besides their strong connections with Shakespeare, the Second Quarto actually names one of its actors, Will Kemp , instead of Peter, in a line in Act Five. Richard Burbage was probably the first Romeo, being the company's actor, and Master Robert Goffe a boy the first Juliet.
Upon the restoration of the monarchy in , two patent companies the King's Company and the Duke's Company were established, and the existing theatrical repertoire divided between them. This was a tragicomedy by James Howard, in which the two lovers survive. Title, Author or Keyword. While it is the story of star-crossed lovers, Romeo and Juliet, it is also the story of two families in the middle of a bitter feud.
Many people avoid the story because they believe it will be too difficult to read, but this is not true at all. Within a few paragraphs, the play captures your imagination and attention.
Her father has promised that she will marry another boy when it is time, but she refuses to accept the suit. He steps out of the shadows and they decide to marry. They are married the next day in secret. When Romeo refuses to fight, a man is killed and Romeo is banished from the country. Juliet is thrown into a depression and her father decides she needs to get married right away.
However, the Friar who helped Juliet marry Romeo comes up with a plan to get Romeo back and to unite the families. The plan unravels quickly, though. The story of Romeo and Juliet has everything that a reader could want. Do not pick up the book assuming that knowing about the tragedy will ruin the story. The tale of how both families got to this point is one that will not soon be forgotten. The lessons of love and forgiveness are ones that are just as important more than years after the play was written.
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Paul Werstine Editor. Barbara A. Mowat Editor. In Romeo and Juliet , Shakespeare creates a violent world, in which two young people fall in love. It is not simply that their families disapprove; the Montagues and the Capulets are engaged in a blood feud. And yet, this play set in an extraordina In Romeo and Juliet , Shakespeare creates a violent world, in which two young people fall in love. And yet, this play set in an extraordinary world has become the quintessential story of young love.
In part because of its exquisite language, it is easy to respond as if it were about all young lovers. The authoritative edition of Romeo and Juliet from The Folger Shakespeare Library , the trusted and widely used Shakespeare series for students and general readers, includes: Get A Copy. Published by Washington Square Press first published More Details Original Title.
Verona Italy Italy. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Romeo and Juliet , please sign up. Marti Dolata Best read as a horror story for the parents of teenagers. The most enjoyable Shakespeare play I've read. Where can I download Shakespeares popular works at affordable price? Nullifidian Annotated Complete Works editions can be found inexpensively, if you're not particular about them being used or not being the most up-to-date …more Annotated Complete Works editions can be found inexpensively, if you're not particular about them being used or not being the most up-to-date editions.
For example, the Norton Shakespeare 2nd edition has been superseded by the 3rd edition, but the 2nd is still a perfectly adequate book. If you want individual copies of the plays, I'd recommend the Folger Shakespeare editions. If you find yourself puzzled about a word, phrase, or allusion, you can just move your eye over to the other page and see it defined.
You don't have to go to the bottom of the page or the back of the book. And if you're confident about your grasp of Shakespeare's language, you might find the Dover Thrift Editions perfectly adequate. They're only lightly annotated with footnotes and have only a page-long prefatory note at best, but they're definitely the cheapest individual editions of the plays.
See all 76 questions about Romeo and Juliet…. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. May 18, Madeline rated it it was ok Shelves: Romeo and Juliet, abridged. Okay, three things: Beca Romeo and Juliet, abridged. How old is Romeo supposed to be? Good news, Juliet!
I found you a husband! Hey Romeo, your mother was a hamster and your father smelt of elderberries! Oh, snap. Okay, forget what I said about not fighting. Jesus Christ, not this again. Wow, we are awful parents. Beat that, Stephenie Meyer. Read for: Every Shakespeare heroine needs a sassy gay friend View all comments. Sep 26, Haleema rated it did not like it Shelves: View all 39 comments. Aug 27, Nate rated it did not like it.
Her father states she "hath not yet seen the change of fourteen years" in 1. Even in Shakespeare's England, most women were at least 21 before they married and had children. It's not clear how old Romeo is, but either he's also a stupid little kid who needs to be slapped, or he's a child molester, and neither one is a good thing.
When I was in middle school or high school, around the time we read this book, I remember a classmate saying in class that when her and her boyfriends' eyes met across the quad, they just knew they were meant to be together forever.
How convenient that her soulmate happened to be an immensely popular and good-looking football player, and his soulmate happened to be a gorgeous cheerleader! That's not love at first sight, that's lust at first sight. If they were really lucky, maybe as time went on they would also happen to "click" very well, that lust would develop into love it didn't , and they would end up together forever they didn't.
But if they saw each other at a school dance, decided they were "like, totally in love," and then the next day decided to run off and get married, we shouldn't encourage that as a romantic love story, we should slap the hell out of them both to wake them up to reality. For what it's worth, my cynicism doesn't come from any bitterness towards life or love.
I met my wife when we were 17, and we've now been together almost 10 years, married for a little over 2. Fortunately for me, she turned out to be awesome.
If we had decided the day after meeting each other that we were hopelessly in love and needed to get married immediately, we would have been idiots, and I hope someone who I trusted and respected would have slapped me, hard. If we were 13 at the time, that would be even worse. Enlightened adults injecting this into our youth as a classic love story for the generations, providing further support for their angst-filled false ideas of love and marriage, is probably worst of all.
View all 89 comments. Rainelis rivera casado Buenos May 28, Nov 15, Anne rated it really liked it Shelves: This is what happens when you jump into a Rebound Relationship. So, when the story opens, Romeo is desperately in love with Rosaline. But since she won't give up the booty has sworn to remain chaste, he's all depressed and heartbroken.
Annoying emo style! He takes her words to heart, and her lyrics begin to mend his broken soul. His boys drag his sad ass to a party, and across a crowded room, Romeo spies his next victim Meet 13 year old Juliet.
Who is And how old is Romeo? Well, he's old enough to kill Juliet's cousin in a sword fight, so Probably not But since he's such a punk little pussy - what with the whining, sobbing, and spouting off crap poetry - I'm going to assume he's not much older than she is and say 15 or If I'm wrong, don't correct me.
It'll help me sleep tonight. Their families have been feuding over a McCoy pig that was killed during a Hatfield moonshine run decades ago. Totally true. I swear. Needless to say, tensions are still running high. They gotta keep their love on the down low. And it is love, dammit! I mean, they've stared at each other a whole bunch, and had, like , two conversations.
This time around, Romeo isn't going to make the same mistake as before, and let the new girl of his dreams slip through his fingers Fuck, yeah! Time to get married! Because marriage will solve all your problems. No, really. Pinkie promise!
And we all know what happened next, right?! You know, I can't help but wonder what that first encounter would've been like if they'd met when they were older?
Hey baby, Heaven must be missing an angel. Mind if I crawl up to your balcony tonight? The fuck?! And a pretty funny one at that! I originally gave it 3 stars, but I had to bump it up for making me giggle so much. I listened to this on Playaway, so I got to have the audio version with a full cast of characters, sound effects, and music.
Totally recommend going this way if you're planning on trying out Shakespeare. May 12, Bill Kerwin rated it it was amazing Shelves: Two things struck me during this re-reading: Shakespeare would create many other such characters, but these three are the first. View all 28 comments. May 18, Catriona rated it it was amazing. The people who dislike this play are the ones who view common sense over being rational, and prefer to view the world in a structured way.
One of the main arguments that come across is the 'meeting, falling in love, and dying all in a weekend when Juliet is but 13'. We all must die in the end, so wouldn't you want to in the name of love than of an awful disease? Perhaps the two lovers weren't truly in love, but their last living moments were spent believing so, so what does it matter? How can on The people who dislike this play are the ones who view common sense over being rational, and prefer to view the world in a structured way.
How can one truly know if one is in love? Is it a feeling? In that case, what is a feeling? If you believe you are in love, then you may as well be, contrary to what others might say. The argument with the 'weak' plot; Shakespeare didn't invent Romeo and Juliet.
It was infact a poem which is constantly being adapted over time. Shakespeare did add in some aspects but the meeting in the ballroom, Tybalts death, the sleeping draught and such were already in the poem. I personally love this play, purely because it's an escape from this modern world. I'm not saying I like the treatment of women, nor the fighting, but it's like a different world that i'm never going to experience, and reading it through Shakespeare's gorgeous writing makes Verona seem all the more romantic.
View all 45 comments. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays, during his lifetime, and along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity.
Shakespeare borrowed heavily from both but expanded the plot by developing a number of supporting characters, particularly Mercutio and Paris. Believed to have been written between and , the play was first published in a quarto version in The text of the first quarto version was of poor quality, however, and later editions corrected the text to conform more closely with Shakespeare's original.
It would have saved a lot of heart ache. View all 19 comments. Dec 31, Brina rated it really liked it Shelves: Happy , everyone! I thought I would get the year off on the right track by reading my first book for classics bingo in the group catching up on classics One of the squares on this year's board is to read a book published before the 18th century, and, because Romeo and Juliet is one of this month's group reads, I decided to mark off this square early.
Way back in ninth grade, I read Romeo and Juliet. I happened to have a teacher who assigned us outside of the box assignments Happy , everyone!
I happened to have a teacher who assigned us outside of the box assignments such as writing letters between the primary characters or keeping Juliet's diary. Thus, this Shakespearean tragedy remains more memorable to me than some of the other dramas I have read over the years.
Yet, the play still warranted a reread through adult eyes so here I am, beginning by reading Shakespeare. I will be the first to admit that I although I enjoy reading through modern drama, usually Pulitzer winners, Shakespeare is tough for me.
The language I am able to slog through; however, most plots are dull and leave me with much to be the desired. The only dramas I enjoy enough to want to reread is The Merchant of Venice and MacBeth for their strong, female protagonists.
Which, brings me back to Romeo and Juliet. Most people know the basis of the story, one that has been retold so many times that it is part of western vernacular. My favorite version of Romeo and Juliet is the musical Westside Story.
The song that begins "when you're a Jet, you're a Jet all the way" sets the tone for the entire musical: This plot comes right out of Romeo and Juliet which features the Montagues and Capulets of Verona who have been feuding for time eternal. Like its more modern counterpart, the Montagues and Capulets just flat out don't like one another no matter the circumstances. It has always been thus and no member of the leadership of either family has done anything to lessen the feud. All these feelings of ill will change on one special night when young Romeo Montague is smitten with Juliet Capulet at a masked ball.
The two instantly fall in love and do everything in their power to hide their romance from their feuding family members, parents included. Combine this with the aspect of star crossed lovers who are going against the prevailing trends of society, and there are many directions that a teacher can go in while discussing this with students.
Boys will like enjoy the dueling between members of the Montagues and Capulets and perhaps also the innuendo imagery that Romeo uses to describe Juliet whereas, perhaps, girls will swoon over the descriptions of Romeo and how he does everything in his power to marry and be with Juliet for all eternity.
Reading through adult eyes and admittedly 21st century eyes, I enjoyed the plot myself as well as descriptions of Juliet. The star-crossed lover unique aspect of this play allowed me to read it quicker than I would with other Shakespearean drama that I find tedious to get through at best.
Despite the imagery and the storyline, Shakespeare's language was still a bore for me to read. The planning and plotting and long soliloquies made for heavy reading.
The story of star-crossed lovers Romeo and Juliet and the consequences of their relationship could be completed in one to two acts.
Yet, then the story would not be a Shakespearean five act timeless classic. Perhaps because I am reading this drama during the 21st century where people need information before it happens makes plays with more speaking than action too slow at times for modern readers. Even with modern literature, unless it is quality literary fiction, I find it sluggish to get through slow moving novels with little plot movement, and prefer those novels with shorter chapters. After rereading a number of Shakespearean plays over the past few years I have come to realize that unless there is a lot of plot development-- feuding, fighting, falling in love, illicit marriage, more fighting-- that it is a challenge for me to get through the text.
Lucky for me that Romeo and Juliet contains the elements of a quality story so it is only the text that challenges me, not the story itself. Shakespeare's story of star-crossed lovers remains timeless classic that has been redone many times over.
Romeo and Juliet have made appearances in some form on Broadway plays to Hollywood movies including a modern version starring Leonardo DiCaprio as Romeo. Without stretching one's imagination all that much, Romeo and Juliet even resurface in the Star Wars story during the prequel trilogy. Their imagery is everywhere in modern society and by telling of two feuding groups as a backdrop, Shakespeare created a tale that could relate to people across many places and times, from school groups to rival governments.
Now that I got through my first book of the year I am excited to get a jump start on bingo and my other challenges, both in groups and personal ones. Whether I read another Shakespeare remains to be seen because at the end of the day, if there are no feuds, fights, star-crossed lovers, and other elements of a modern story, Shakespeare's long soliloquies are not really my taste.
View all 16 comments. Feb 19, Manny rated it it was amazing Shelves: Every emo fourteen year old's dream. In bullet-point form: So how did Shakespeare manage to Every emo fourteen year old's dream.
So how did Shakespeare manage to turn this heap of crap, which even Zac Efron would think twice about, into one of the most moving stories of all time? If you still need proof that he was a genius, look no further. View all 33 comments. Apr 23, Nayra. Hassan rated it really liked it Shelves: View all 20 comments.
It is always so satisfying to read a book you've heard so much about throughout your life. You should have seen how excited I got when Juliet started saying "Romeo, o Romeo"! View all 5 comments.