Hussain bin Mansoor musicmarkup.info Hussain bin mansoor hallaj. 1, views. Share; Like; Download Other · Follow. Published on Nov Mansur al-Hallaj [ – ] was one of the famed Sufi mystics, crucified for saying Anaul-Haq [I am the Truth]. Tawasin of Mansur Al-Hallaj is his narratives. The most controversial figure in the history of Islamic mysticism, Abu 'l-Moghith al- Hosain ibn Mansur al-Hallaj was born C. () near al-Baiza' in the.
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Author: Shaykh Hussain bin Mansur Hallaj Translator: Atiq-ur-Rahman Usmani 9, Views. 2 Favorites. DOWNLOAD OPTIONS. download. The book Tazkira Hussain Bin Mansoor Hallaj By Shahid Mukhtar is a biography of Hazrat Hussain Bin Masur, a famous Sufi mystic and a poet of the Persian. Mansur al-Hallaj c. – 26 March ) (Hijri c. AH – AH) was a Persian mystic, poet .. of Islamic mysticism in his four-volume work La Passion de Husayn ibn Mansûr Hallâj. . Louis Massignon () La passion d'Al Hosayn-ibn-Mansour al-Hallaj, vol. . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
Throughout the period of the major occultation attention and written communications have come from His Eminence a. For example, that great personality sent a few letters to the great scholar and leader, Shaykh Mufeed from his side, which were received by Shaykh Mufeed, and we shall quote two of these letters in the coming pages. Similarly it has been proved by widely related reports that some pious and righteous Shia persons were blessed with the audience of His Eminence a. Dajjals A group of hypocrites and deviated people claimed that they were the deputies of the Awaited Imam a. Their root cause was either jealousy with the honorable emissaries of His Eminence a.
Also, that every person of high social class should marry a spouse of a lower class so that he may induct effulgence into them. An epistle was issued by His Eminence, the Master of the Age a. When the innovations of Shalmaghani became known to all, the ruler of that time had him executed in Baghdad in A. Some of the above false claimants and Dajjals of the period of minor occultation came into being due to their jealousy towards the special deputyship of the Imam of the time a.
Claimants of Mahdaviyat During the whole period of history there were some people who for the sake of political gains claimed to be Mahdi in spite of the fact that they did not profess the religion of Ahlul Bayt a. We shall discuss a few of such claimants in the following pages.
Mahdi Sudani was born in at the Sudanese village of Dolga inhabited by people whose main occupation was building boats. He became the most well-known pseudo-Mahdi in Europe. His real name was Muhammad Ahmad and he assumed the title of Mahdi. By displaying excessive piety, he gained respect and honor at the age of twenty-two years. He was an eloquent speaker and he mostly condemned Egyptian authorities in his speeches. He exposed the tyranny of the rulers to the people and laid great stress upon the reappearance of Mahdi.
This self-proclaimed deputy of the Prophet S and the false leader of the Muslims raised the standard of revolt in Sudan, which was under the rule of Egyptians in connivance with the oppressive Britishers. In his eloquent speeches he condemned the tyranny of the Egyptians to such an extent that Sudanese people began to hate them.
He made special references to Imam Mahdi a. After obtaining basic education, he entered into the Sanusiya Sufi order and on the Island of Abba began to spend his time in meditation. His false claim of Mahdaviyat received support for the first time on this Island, which is miles south of Khartoum.
Beginning of his Mission Some historians state that after joining the Sanusiya Sufi order he had an argument with his Peer Sufi guide and hence began to collect his own disciples and subsequently claimed to be Mahdi of the time and the last Imam a. At the outset itself Abdullah Al Taaisha Caliph supported and advised him to accompany him to a place where the militant tribes could be instigated to rise in revolt.
In May , the Egyptian government issued an order for him to present himself in Khartoum and clarify his position. But Muhammad Ahmad ignored this order, assumed rulership of the country and declared a holy war against the infidels as well as the progressive Muslims.
The Egyptian government dispatched an army of two hundred soldiers under Rauf Pasha to subdue him.
The supporters of Muhammad Ahmad did not possess any firearms so they kept themselves hidden till night fell. As soon as it was dark they surrounded the Egyptian army and attacked it ferociously till the complete army was wiped out. After this Muhammad Ahmad fled to a secluded place where the possibility of retaliation from the Egyptian army did not exist. On the way he met the local leaders from whom he learned that there was great discontent among the people regarding the Egyptian government.
The abolishing of slave trade was also a cause of economic unrest. At the Jebel Ghadir he had to face the men of Yusuf Pasha and they compelled him to retrace his steps. In May , the Egyptian government dispatched an army of to attack Muhammad Ahmad. One night, Muhammad Ahmad attacked the army of Yusuf Pasha and put them to death.
After victory Muhammad Ahmad gained more clout and was joined by many people greedy for the spoils of war. In the last part of the month of November , Muhammad Ahmad concluded that he had sufficient military strength to capture the Egyptian fort of Al Abeed. So he attacked Al Abeed and captured it.
Then he converted the fort as his residence and made it the seat of power. Muhammad Ahmad used to wear a simple cotton dress.
His followers also imitated him in his style of dressing. Outwardly he put up a facade of simplicity but used to lead a life of sensuality in secret. Women were his weakness.
He also named his followers after the companions of the Holy Prophet S viz. The common followers were called as helpers Ansar.
He seemed to bring about the condition similar to the time of the Holy Prophet of Islam S. But actually it was not so. If it had not been for the spread of oppression by the British and the Egyptians, this pseudo Mahdi would have never succeeded. But the oppressed people were tired of the tyranny and hence various tribes joined hands with Muhammad Ahmad.
He also appointed his four caliphs. The first caliph was Abdullah Al Taaisha. He was given the title of Abu Bakr. He pretended to establish a rule on the Quranic principles but the actual fact was that he wanted to put up this false show so that he could collect people under himself. In order to administer the country, he collected both Zakat and Khums. But the distribution of the same was with favoritism. He prohibited the study of religion and Fiqh. He only stressed on the recitation of the Holy Quran but strictly prohibited any discussion on it.
Like the Wahabis he prohibited the consumption of tobacco and considered it more sinful than drinking wine. He did not forgive even the smallest of the sins. Control on Sudan Due to the Egyptian and the British rule, Sudan was passing through a very critical period. The British dispatched an army of 10, under William to attack Muhammad Ahmad.
He memorized the Qur'an during his teens, and began to retreat from the world to gather with other like minded individuals to study Islamic mysticism. He later married, and made a pilgrimage to Mecca, and stayed there for a year.
He began to travel the world abroad, preaching, teaching and writing along the way about the way to an intimate relationship with God.
By the time he went on his second pilgrimage to Mecca, several apprentices accompanied him, and after returning to his family for a short period of time, traveled to India and Turkistan to spread the Islamic teachings. After this, he made a third pilgrimage to Mecca, and returned to Baghdad. The situation in which al-Hallaj taught and wrote was shaped by social, economic, political, and religious stress, which eventually led to his arrest.
Sufism was new at the time, and it had provoked extensive opposition from the Muslim orthodoxy. Sufi masters considered his sharing the beauty of mystical experience with the masses undisciplined at best, disobedient at worst. He was an outspoken moral-political reformist.
Before long political leaders began making a case against him. He used to become so enraptured in ecstasy by the presence of the Divine that he was prone to a loss of personal identity, During his arrest he experienced one of these breaks and uttered: "Ana al-haqq," or "I am the Truth" or God.