Thought Field Therapy (TFT) is a alternative and currently non-validated The tapping is thought to correct "perturbations" in the energy fields, called thought. This year starts off with continued change for the world, and also for Thought Field Therapy. The need for alternative therapy has never been. Thought Field Therapy® is a treatment for psychological disturbances that provides a code, that when applied to a psychological problem the person is focusing.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|Genre:||Politics & Laws|
|ePub File Size:||16.42 MB|
|PDF File Size:||10.60 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
"power therapy of the 21'st century", Thought Field Therapy (TFT). Thought Field Therapy (originally the Callahan Techniques ) is different from other. 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | A genre of psychotherapeutic enquiry, involving work with the This approach, called Thought Field Therapy, was later applied to. Thought Field Therapy: A Former Insider's Experience Thought Field Therapy ( TFT) is a novel therapy that employs finger tapping on purported acupressure.
I also thank James Herbert and Scott Lilienfeld for reviewing this manuscript and making many excellent suggestions, which greatly improved the final version. Abstract: Thought Field Therapy TFT is an alternative therapy that instructs the patient to finger tap on a series of acupressure points while being directed to focus on a psychological or physical problem being addressed. TFT has recently been portrayed by the media in a laudatory, uncritical manner on numerous occasions. They also claimed that TFT is superior to existing treatments, ignoring the fact that empirically supported treatments are available and the dearth of rigorous evidence for TFT. Proponents further claimed that TFT procedures could identify alleged energy toxins in the diet.
Other studies cited tested the motion sickness drug, scopolamine e. Thus, the possibility of psychological placebo effects cannot be ruled out. The studies Callahan adduced in support of this claim were nothing more than call-ins from participants in radio shows Callahan, ; Leonoff, Of the people Callahan claims to have trained in VT Robb, , only 12 are listed on the Callahan website as current VT practitioners Callahan Techniques, a.
In fact, one VT therapist was sanctioned and placed on probation by the Arizona Board of Psychologist Examiners for his refusal to disclose the trade secret of VT to the Board and for unsupported claims i. Furthermore, the secrecy of VT makes scientific study highly problematic because only believers who are financially invested in the method can collect data concerning its efficacy. But not all clients are forthcoming with their therapists about the treatments they received.
In fact, some clients have expressed serious concerns regarding TFT.
TFT vs. Moreover, Bray claimed that he was told in his professional training that phobias cannot be eliminated using extant therapeutic methods. Given that empirically supported treatments are available, it is highly misleading to clients and ethically questionable for TFT therapists to claim superiority over empirically supported treatments when this claim has not been demonstrated in controlled studies.
IETs vary from person to person, thus requiring testing. TFT clients at times are advised to abstain from commonly eaten foods that could drastically restrict their diets, eliminating such major food groups as dairy or wheat products.
Clinicians should consider the potential adverse effects of such advice, especially with people who are already suffering from such conditions as eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, or panic disorder.
However, a charismatic therapist could persuade the patient to comply, potentially resulting in harmful dietary restriction. I am aware of cases in which clients have become obsessed with finding IETs to the extent that they were checking with their CTTFT therapist before almost every meal.
These are examples of potential negative effects, which are inherent dangers of using treatment approaches that have not been adequately studied. This omission raises concern about conflicting results and conflicting dietary advice among practitioners Craig, Instead, unsupported claims for efficacy have been made based mostly on anecdotes and have not typically been challenged. Even if no explicit harm is done, such clients can be deprived of efficacious treatments which TFT proponents claim superiority to and their conditions could deteriorate as a consequence.
The burden of proof falls on TFT proponents to provide evidence for their claims. As of this writing, they have not come close to doing so. More recently, the same author Robb decided instead to write an entirely skeptical article on TFT. However, because a critical analysis was still needed to correct the numerous errors, misrepresentations, and unwarranted claims by TFT proponents in the original article and address the tendency of the media to portray TFT uncritically, the current article was written to accomplish that purpose.
New York: Guilford Press. Beutler, L. Journal of Clinical Psychology. Boodman, S. All in the Head: Three approaches to mental health treatment that stretch the boundaries. Washington Post, Health Section, p. Buryani, G.
Treating anorexia with Voice Technology. The Thought Field, 4 4.
The Five Minute Phobia Cure. Wilmington: Enterprise. Callahan, R. Winter, Successful psychotherapy by radio and telephone. International College of Applied Kinesiology. Publication of limited circulation.
Introduction to TFT Videotape. Treating anorexia introduction. Notes on Toxins.
The impact of thought field therapy on heart rate variability HRV. Raising and lowering heart rate variability: Some clinical findings of Thought Field Therapy.
Stop the Nightmares of Trauma.
Chapel Hill: Professional Press. Tapping the Healer Within. Chicago: Contemporary Books.
Callahan Techniques a. VT Professional List. Callahan Techniques b. Carbonell, J. These methods may also be more acceptable for patients who are reluctant to experience in vivo exposure to feared situations, as is required in CBTs Hawton et al. More recently, Church published RCTs demonstrating remarkably promising results from a small number of sessions with EFT for trauma symptoms Church et al.
Irgens et al. In these studies, the improvements were sustained at 5 and 12 months, respectively. To further extend previous findings, the purpose of the present study was to perform a trial in which TFT was applied for a prevalent and invalidating anxiety disorder such as agoraphobia Kringlen et al. Imaginal exposure is a common method used in the treatment of anxiety disorders and PTSD, either alone or in combination with other therapeutic techniques such as CBT Foa and Kozak, ; Arntz et al.
They have their offspring in the clinical contributions of the American psychologist Roger Callahan Callahan and Trubo, , who sought to enhance the effect of CBT by tapping on specific points on the body, called acupoints, known from ancient Chinese medicine Hui et al.
TFT was first used as a treatment for anxiety disorders and traumatic memories, and has subsequently been used for an increasing number of conditions Andrade and Feinstein, ; Feinstein, The therapy commences with imaginal exposure, with the therapist asking the patient to focus on the selected incident, and to make it as vivid as possible.
The therapist can help the patient through questions in relation to what the patient sees, smells, who is there and what is the most frightening thought just now or at the time of the incident Eia, It is preferable that the patients do the tapping themselves, while the therapist instructs them on where and how to tap, often by tapping on themselves on the same acupoints as the patients are instructed to use. The tapping is performed from five to 10 times on each acupoint, firmly but not too hard.
The patient clearly feels the tapping, though it should not cause any pain or bruising. According to the actual type of anxiety or other problem, the therapist chooses an algorithm, i.
Goodheart concluded that muscle strength was influenced not only by physical conditions but by thoughts and emotions. Callahan would later incorporate some of Goodheart's diagnostic methods into his own unique approach to therapy. Inspiration for the development of Callahan's new approach came in , when he successfully experimented with finger tapping to treat a woman's phobia of water.
The woman, known as Mary, had made limited progress after several months of cognitive therapy and desensitization treatments. Armed with his knowledge of applied kinesiology, Callahan tried a different approach.
This resulted in a sudden, unexpected resolution of Mary's phobia and prompted Callahan to begin his search for acupressure points linked to other conditions. Over the next two decades, Callahan developed and refined his technique, which he has since taught to thousands of individuals. The thought field and other core concepts of TFT are discussed below.
Thought Fields and Perturbations: In TFT, thought is conceptualized as being expressed as energy bound within an intangible system known as a thought field. Different thought patterns are associated with different thought fields. Energy flows throughout each thought field, but the pathway can become blocked, resulting in energy build-ups or perturbations.
These perturbations can be caused by negative life events, such as trauma or the death of a loved one , and result in the physical and psychological symptoms experienced by individuals seeking therapy.
According to Callahan, perturbations are "The fundamental cause of all negative emotions. Algorithms: Callahan claims that perturbations correspond to meridian points on the body and that specific issues can be resolved by tapping meridian points in specific sequences. Each tapping sequence, called an algorithm, is like a code that can be applied to specific conditions.
Callahan developed several algorithms after observing that certain sequences proved effective for a large percentage of people experiencing the same condition.
Therapists may use existing algorithms with individuals being treated but may occasionally need to develop individualized treatments using the technique of causal diagnosis. Causal Diagnosis: This refers to a procedure used by the therapist to determine the correct tapping sequence to apply to an individual. The relative strength of the muscle when each meridian point is touched is used to identify correct treatment locations.
It is believed that the muscle will test strong when a correct treatment point is located. A tapping sequence can then be developed based on the identified points.
A second diagnostic procedure called voice technology is used in cases where therapy is conducted by phone. This technique is thought to allow therapists to determine specific tapping sequences by analyzing the voice of the individual being treated. Voice technology is only taught in advanced training classes, and the details of this technique have not been made public. According to Callahan, psychological reversal is characterized by negative thinking and a tendency to self-sabotage.
A person who blames themselves for another person's death or who does not think they deserve to be helped could be described as experiencing psychological reversal.