Record - Redirect: The surprising new science of psychological change, by Timothy D. Wilson. Article in Request Full-text Paper PDF. Citations (0). 'But does it work?' This is a fundamental question posed by Timothy D. Wilson in his book, Redirect: The Surprising New Science of Psychological Change. Redirect: The surprising new science of psychological change, by Timothy D. Wilson. John McCaffrey School of Psychology, National.
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PDF - Redirect: What if there were a magic pill that could make you happier, turn you into a better parent, solve a number of your teenager's behavior problems. Redirect. THE SURPRISING NEW SCIENCE OF. PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGE mind really works-specifically, by failing to consider how small changes in. If you need a redirect the surprising new science of psychological change timothy d wilson, you can download them in pdf format from our musicmarkup.info file.
E-mail: moc. She takes me through a small kitchen, hazy with cigarette smoke, where a number of other concerned faces look at me expectantly. I nod briefly before I'm led upstairs to a small sparse bedroom where a lady in her late fifties has finally given in to lung cancer. Her lifeless body looks cruelly destroyed by the illness. Before I leave I stop in the kitchen and try to find some suitable words of comfort to offer the gathered relatives. As I am talking I notice a cigarette packet lying eerily on its own on the table.
She takes me through a small kitchen, hazy with cigarette smoke, where a number of other concerned faces look at me expectantly. I nod briefly before I'm led upstairs to a small sparse bedroom where a lady in her late fifties has finally given in to lung cancer.
Her lifeless body looks cruelly destroyed by the illness. Before I leave I stop in the kitchen and try to find some suitable words of comfort to offer the gathered relatives. As I am talking I notice a cigarette packet lying eerily on its own on the table.
I wonder what these grieving smokers think. If seeing a loved one prematurely ravaged by an illness, doesn't make them want to throw away their cigarettes, what is an impersonal warning on a cigarette packet going to do? In his book, Redirect: the Surprising New Science of Psychological Change, the psychologist Timothy D Wilson takes an evidence-based look at approaches that have been used to try and change problematic behaviour.
He points out that well-meant common sense often doesn't work. In fact, it often has the opposite effect.
Most attempts to modify behaviour are not adequately tested, many do not work, and some even do harm. He mentions numerous attempts to deal with problems such as teenage pregnancy, drug and alcohol problems, where the problems actually got worse as a result of well-intentioned interventions. Scaring people with shock tactics often just reinforces people's fatalistic beliefs about their own self image which leads to habits becoming more ingrained.
This chimes with my experience.
Over the years I've seen so many enthusiastic initiatives fall by the wayside. For the New Year I decided to declutter my room. As I cleared mounds of old papers I found many forgotten glossy pamphlets, proudly announcing various projects that promised to deal with all sorts of health problems.
This makes psychological experimentation fundamentally different from medical experimentation, which complicates his persistent use of medical experiments as the goal standard to which all social psychology should be held. Furthermore, experiments just aren't as magically distinct from observational studies as he would like us to believe.
For one thing, he consistently cites experimental studies that illustrate the effectiveness of a certain approach, and then claims credit for story-editing, despite the fact that that last leap attributing the results to his pet theory is actually not a necessary result of the science.
It's just his interpretation. This obsession on experimental design leads to the long, boring middle section of the book which is mostly just a literature review of various programs attempting to deal with problems like stopping child abuse, stopping drug abuse, stopping racism, etc. The theme is basically that if an intervention doesn't work it has nothing to do with story-editing, and if it does work Wilson claims it's a story-editing approach no matter what the original designers may have thought and claims credit for his "team".
As you can imagine, this gets tedious. The final sections were very interesting, however, because Wilson started talking about racial disparities in American culture, and suggested the first plausible explanation I've ever heard for the persistent discrepancy in achievement scores between white and blacks controversially outlined in The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life.
The concept is stereotype threat , which is the idea that if a person is being tested and is aware of the fact that they belong to a group stereotypically expected to do poorly, they will do poorly.
If black students take an IQ test, there's a gap between their performance and white performance, but if the same test is described as a "puzzle" with no references to "test" or "IQ" the gap vanishes. Similarly: elderly adults do worse on memory tests if attention is drawn to their age. Women do worse on math tests if attention is drawn to their gender.
Men do not, since there isn't a stereotype of men doing poorly at math, but if you take white men and give them a math test and tell them their scores will be compared with Asian men stereotypically assumed to be superior at math then the scores of the white men will fall.
This isn't a new discovery of Wilson nor does he claim it , but it was news to me.
As someone who has really been bothered by The Bell Curve since I studied it in my sophomore English class we read an article-length treatment, not the whole book, and debated it at length under the guidance of our African American teacher , this was a huge revelation.
The follow up is great as well: Wilson talks about a variety of different programs designed to erase the achievement gap along with experimental evidence for which ones are successful and which ones are not.
Of course stereotype threat isn't a panacea for all educational problems, for example if you tell someone about stereotype threat it doesn't erase any lag in their ability to read or do math, but it really powerfully emphasizes: 1. That a lot of endemic problems in achievment have to do with perception rather than objective reality.