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Subsequently, we selected the editorial committees of these journals, and carried out a search of the articles included in these in the years and The records retrieved and selected were included in a relational database, to facilitate the processing of the data. We equalized the variants that made little difference, such as the names of the authors, the members of the editorial committees and institutions. After completing the work of standardization of the names of the authors and the institutions, we proceeded to unify the different variants that exist in the selected journals to indicate the "role" played by the authors in their various committees or management teams.
Lastly we went on to the analysis of the selected variables and their corresponding interpretations.
Variables The variables that became object of study were: Journal, including quartile, country of editing and indexing field within psychology. Editorial teams, total number of members, all of them irrespective of whether they appear in more than one editorial team, and number of actual members, counting each researcher only once.
Authors, counting the number of researchers, the number of articles and the number of signatures, differentiating between big, medium and small producers. Gender, defined by the categories of man and woman.
Descriptors, defined by the key words of the articles. Analysis To obtain the indicators we have used a system of full recount, by assigning the same value to each of the authors or institutions that have participated in the work. All of these inquiries were carried out using the statistical package SPSS Results Characteristics of the journals that were our object of study The number of journals that related to Legal Psychology included in the year in the JCR database was Simultaneously, these journals were also included in the 4 categories in Psychology Multidisciplinary Psychology, Applied Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Social Psychology.
Table 1 shows the relationship between the Legal Psychology journals included in the WoS database. The remaining 18 per cent of publications are issued in Australia, Spain and the Netherlands, countries which only publish one magazine each. In all the magazines, the language of publication is English. Members of staff of the journals and authors most relevant in the current field of Legal Psychology With the purpose of identifying the key figures in the field of research of Legal Psychology in the years and we have carried out an analysis of the researchers that were part of the staff of the journals studied, as well as the authors who have published many pieces collected in the WoS databases.
This means that two members are located in five editorial committees, 6 members in four committees, 16 members in three committees, 47 in two committees and in a single committee. Table 2 provides us with information about the members that are part of 5 and 4 editorial committees of Legal Psychology magazines during the year , together with the institution and country to which they belong and the title of the journal.
In determining whether there were differences in regards to gender in relation to the number of magazine committees, there was a statistically significant difference, t Among the members who form part of 4 and 5 committees there are 8 men The members of these editorial teams work in institutions belonging to 27 countries. In the year the number of papers published in WoS journals related to Legal Psychology was , of whom were articles and reviews, with authors and a total of signatures.
During the year , the number of papers was , of which were articles and reviews, with authors and with a total of signatures. The rate of growth in the number of papers published between and is An important indicator connected to authorship, which measures the degree of collaboration between the authors is the index of signatures to work.
It is estimated by determining the average number of authors who sign each published work. The index of signatures to work of the year in Legal Psychology was 2.
The authors can be grouped into three levels of productivity, large producers in our case, more than 5 articles , medium-sized producers between 2 and 5 articles and occasional authors or casual authors of a single article. As is reflected in Table 3 there is a greater number of high producing authors in the year , while in there has been an increase in the number of medium-sized producers compared to the year Tables 4 and 5 include the authors with the highest number of publications about Legal Psychology during the years and in the WoS databases.
In the year a prominent figure is the one of T. Considering the large number of article writers in the years and relevant figures like Beaver, Kevin M. Also, standing out, figures like Vrij, Aldert the largest producer of work in as the author with the most presence in magazine editorial committees and Ward, T.
Knowing the evolution and the defining characteristics of Legal Psychology, implies analysing the descriptors or keywords used by the authors in their articles and reviews, which provide information on what issues have more relevance in this discipline. In this regard, it is interesting to know what terms are most used and what disorders have aroused greater interest among researchers. When we analyse the descriptors or keywords we note that in the two studied years, and , these descriptors are very similar, giving a match of four of the five indicators that are used with most frequency, these being are Metaanalysis, Crime, Behavior and Women see Table 6.
To find out what types of criminal behaviour have been the most studied within the field of Legal Psychology we conducted an analysis of all the abstracts of the articles in the analysed magazines from and , given that the study of the descriptors made it difficult to know the typology of the offences.
In the year the most frequent criminal typology was associated with sexual violence directed at women and children mainly, analysing its incidence, prevention, psychological characteristics of the sexual aggressors, programs of intervention with the victim and with the aggressors, recidivism, laws, among others, being the number of articles in relation to this issue of 77 9. The second type of offence most frequent, with 74 articles 9.
Crime or criminal conduct appears in 50 articles 6. In the year it is the crimes related to sexual violence which are most frequent, in particular 84 articles Discussion The importance that Legal Psychology has gained over the last few years is an obvious fact if we consider its evolution not only at a scientific level but also in the applied field, remaining today as an inseparable part of Law and Criminology.
In the scientific field, there has been an increase in the number of journals listed in the WoS, from 13 in to 16 in , an increase in the number of scientific articles, from in to in , and an increase in the number of researchers, authors in to authors in In these last five years, Legal Psychology as a discipline, has not remained stagnant in its growth.
Not only has there been an increase in the number of journals, articles and authors, but it is also noted that in there were more signatures for work produced that in , which points to larger research groups. In the year we observe an increasing number of small and medium-sized producers compared to , this aspect reveals an increase in the number of groups and the strengthening of groups of experts.
Contemporary Legal Psychology is characterised by its multidisciplinary quality, proof of this is the large number of journals that belong to this category of Psychology in the WoS.
This is evident if one considers the multitude of issues it addresses, as has been demonstrated by the number and diversity of the key words that define each scientific article, by the typologies of criminal or antisocial behaviour, where articles related mainly to sexual violence and gender-based violence stand out, with issues relating to new technologies and the cyberbullying and with terrorism seeming to have a growing interest among researchers.
In line with Arce , the results of this study highlight the prevalence of the contributions of Clinical Psychology, Social Psychology and Applied Psychology to Legal Psychology, while, and after the analysis of the articles, mention should be made of the contributions, to a lesser extent, from other areas of Psychology, such as Developmental Psychology, Educational Psychology, Basic Psychology and Methodology, highlighting in the year the contributions of Psychobiology.
Schrama, and M.
Smith in the journal Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, among others. Legal Psychology also acquires international importance, proof of such is the large number of editing countries of journals included in the WoS, five countries in particular, in which the United States stands prominent, and the nationalities of the members of the editorial committees, who are of 27 different nationalities, giving rise to studies in different parts of the world, such as the works of Theresa S.
The work focuses on the process of structuring and dissolving conjugality, emphasizing the difficulties involved in the process of elaborating mourning post-separation, based on psychoanalytic literature on loving relationships.
It points out that the judiciary stage in separation, taken as a rite of passage, can represent a cut in bonding, contributing to perpetuate trapping ties. In order to illustrate this discussion, the works presents the analysis of a case of family litigation assisted by the judiciary in Rio de Janeiro. Keywords: Conjugal separation, Judicial litigation, Psychoanalysis. Contudo, logo na chegada do primeiro filho tudo mudou.
Em: R. Bastos Org. Andino, L. Acto o acting? Em: J. Puget Org. Azevedo, A. Barros, F. Do direito ao pai: a paternidade no tribunal e na vida. Belo Horizonte: Del Rey.
Caruso, I. Coimbra, J. Dias, M.
Revista de Processo, 25 99 , Dolto, F. Quando os pais se separam. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Ed. Original publicado em Eiguer, A. Fagundes, J. Em: M. Ramos Org.