Roy B. Zuck- Basic Bible Interpretation. A Practical Guide to Discovering Biblical Truth - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book. Basic Bible interpretation / by Roy B. Zuck. 76 p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and indexes. ISBN O 5. 1. Bible - Hermeneutics. I. Title. difficulties in Bible interpretation we need to recognize a related principle: " Scripture . Regarding the application of Bible truth to believers today Roy Zuck said.
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Basic Bible Interpretation lives up to its title. It deals with the basics and doesn't confuse the reader with extraneous material. It focuses on the bible as the Word. Steve Young BE Fall Dr. Coberly Zuck Book Review Roy B. Zuck. Basic Bible Interpretation. Colorado Springs, CO: Victor, Dr. Zuck served as. Basic Bible Interpretation [Roy B. Zuck] on musicmarkup.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. BASIC BIBLE INTERPRETATION Can the Bible really be.
A book on hermeneutics you can understand. Zuck has drawn heavily on his many years of teaching in the seminary classroom to present an excellent treatise on biblical interpretation. While this book will be well received in the classroom, it is one that I will be wholeheartedly recommending to my congregation. While the scholarship is clearly present, it is nevertheless most readable and understandable by the average layperson. This book will make a valuable contribution to your ability to comprehend the Scriptures. Barbieri , chair of the Department of Theology, Moody Bible Institute of Chicago Having taught and written in the area of hermeneutics for almost 30 years, I am convinced that there is no more important course in the seminary curriculum for training in the Scriptures. As Roy Zuck has so ably demonstrated, we cannot know the message of the Bible for today until we know its meaning.
Also reverence for and game, they can make no progress. If a person is playing Boggle, he interest in God and His Word are essential to interpreting the Bible may have all the parts but not know what to do with them. The rules properly.
A lackadaisical or cavalier attitude toward the Bible does enable the players to proceed. Similarly hermeneutics provides the not contribute to proper understanding of Gods truth. The Scrip- rules or guidelines, the principles and theory governing a proper tures are called holy and should be treated as such 2 Tim.
Biblical interpretation, howev- Other spiritual qualifications are a prayerful attitude and hu- er, is not like a computer program. We cannot plug in certain princi- mility. An interpreter must recognize that other readers of the Bible ples and expect to receive automatically a printout with the proper over the centuries have struggled to determine the meaning of many interpretation.
No interpreter is infallible. Therefore he should acknowledge the possibility that his interpreta- tion of a given passage may not be correct. No one can fully comprehend the meaning of the Bible unless he is The Scriptures should also be approached with a willingness regenerate. The unsaved person is spiritually blind 2 Cor. Paul wrote, The man without the Spirit does not learned in the Word.
When one sees how the Lord has worked in the accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they are lives of people in the Bible who obeyed or disobeyed Him, and foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them, because they are when he comprehends the precepts and instructions given in the spiritually discerned 1 Cor.
Does this mean an unsaved Bible for ones life, he should willingly follow those examples and person cannot understand the words of Scripture? Instead it instructions. Absence of a reverence for the Word, lack of prayer, means he has no spiritual capacity for welcoming and appropriating pride, or an unwillingness to obey the truths of the Scriptures will spiritual truths.
As Martin Luther once said, the unregenerate can hinder ones skill in comprehending what the Bible says. As facts. It is in this sense that they are unable to know the things of the Moule wrote, The blessed Spirit is not only the true Author of the Spirit of God. As Ramm has explained, Matters of fact cannot be Inerrancy and infallibility are characteristics of the Bibles original settled solely by spiritual means.
One cannot pray to God for infor- manuscripts, but not of the Bibles interpreters. Individuals have the mation about the authorship of Hebrews and expect a distinct reply. Does all this mean that the average layperson cannot compre- Fourth, the Holy Spirit guides into all truth John No, the meaning road. Jesus promise to the disciples was that the Holy Spirit would of the pages of Scripture are not limited to a few. Made in the image clarify and amplify what Christ had given them.
After Christ ascend- of God, man is a rational as well as an emotional and volitional ed, the Holy Spirit came on the Day of Pentecost to indwell believ- being. He has the intellectual capacity to understand the Bible. As a ers, and the disciples then understood the significance of Jesus revelation of God, the Bible, written in human languages, is capable words regarding Himself and His death and resurrection.
Though of being understood. Believers, how- are not needed and that a person can be instructed by the Bible alone ever, are not automatically led by the Spirit to comprehend the truth without any attention to what others believe about it.
Some have of Scripture because, as already stated, obedience is necessary. Guid- been given the gift of teaching Rom. The 3, disciples saved on the Day of Pentecost devoted Only by the Holy Spirit can believers apply, that is, personally ap- themselves to the apostles teaching Acts Peter and John propriate the Scriptures.
They continued teaching the people v. Barnabas and insight into the meaning of Scripture. Many passages are readily Saul. In understood, but the meaning of others may come to light only grad- Corinth Paul was teaching them the Word of God for a year and a ually as the result of careful study.
The Spirits part in hermeneutics half In Ephesus, Paul taught. He was accused of teaching all men everywhere unverifiable. Even when he was in Rome under house arrest he Sixth, the Spirits role in interpretation means that the Bible boldly.
If each was given to be understood by all believers. Its interpretation is not individual believer could comprehend fully the Scriptures by himself in the hands of an elite few scholars. Receiving the teaching of others can be in person These are prerequisites, not guarantees. Being open to the Besides these spiritual qualifications, other qualifications are Spirits leading of others can help Bible students avoid some of the helpful in approaching the Bible. A willingness to study is essential.
This leads to the question of whether the This may include a knowledge of Bible backgrounds, Bible history, Bible possesses clarity.
Bible scholars sometimes refer to the perspicuity-or clarity-of the Scriptures. But if the Bible is clear, then why the need for rules or principles of interpretation? Why would any Christian coming to the Bible need the help of other teachers or written materials such as Bible commentaries, as just discussed? They read a Bible passage, determined that they will discover its meaning, but then find that the meaning eludes them. They conclude that if scholars who have studied the Bible for years Bible Iiatepretutioa - cannot agree on how to interpret certain passages, how can they as Then and Mm laypersons do so?
For them the Bible hardly seems to possess the quality of clarity. When you drive an automobile, you need to keep your eyes open to If the Scriptures possess clarity, then why discuss interpreta- various highway signs.
Some signs give warnings: Bump, or Re- tion at all? Others give directions: Detour, Highway Granted, some passages of the Bible, as already stated, are Exit right, or One way only. Still other highway signs give infor- difficult to understand. And yet the basic message of the Bible is mation: School zone, or Speed limit- 30 m.
The Scriptures are not In a similar way understanding how individuals and groups obscure in themselves. Nor is the Bible us warnings, direction, and information.
The fact that the Bible is a book means that it tation can help us see the errors of others in the past and the conse- is to be read and understood. As Gods written revelation, the Bible quences of those errors, thus alerting us to guard against repeating reveals to us His character, plans, and standards. The human authors, them. As Mickelsen has written, History shows that erroneous prin- whose writings were given by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, ciples have often spoiled the exegetical work of fine men, some of wrote to be understood, not to confuse or bemuddle.
As Martin whom are great saints. This should be a warning to us against care- Luther affirmed, the priesthood of all believers 1 Peter 25 means less interpretation. There is less excuse for us because we can profit the Bible is accessible and understandable by all Christians.
This by the lessons of the past? As Yet there are hindrances to communication. What was clear an informational signal, the history of hermeneutics helps us see how to the writer may not be immediately clear to the reader.
This means certain interpretive issues have arisen, and how others in the past that interpretation is necessary to help remove these obstacles to have dealt with them. It gives information on how we have arrived at communication and to understanding. Exegesis and interpretation where we are today in understanding the Bible.
As a divine Book in which God is communicating ries have taken various approaches to the Scriptures: literal, allegori- to man, the message is basically clear, and yet as Gods Word it does cal, traditional, rationalistic, and subjective. See the historical time include a profundity that can challenge the most diligent scholars. Ezra and the Scribes He also set forth seven rules for interpreting the Old Testa- When the Jews returned from the Babylonian Exile, they were prob- ment. Wood summarizes these seven as follows: ably speaking Aramaic rather than Hebrew.
This meant that when Ezra, the scribe Neh. The second is inference by analogy. This may be the meaning of the phrase making it clear v. The third is constructing a family, that is, where a group of 8. The HebrewpiFras means to make distinct or interpret, possibly passages has a resemblance in contents, the group is regarded as here meaning to translate.
In addition the Levites as they circulated having a common character derived from the meaning of the among the people were giving the meaning, that is, explaining or principal passage of the group. Thus, what is not explicit in any interpreting the Law so that the people could understand what was one of the passages may be interpreted in the light of the princi- being read v.
The fourth is the same as the third but is limited to Between the time of Ezra and the time of Christ, scribes not two passages. The fifth rule was based on a relation between the only taught the Scriptures but also copied them. They had great General and the Particular.
The sixth was exposition by means reverence for the text of the Old Testament, but this veneration for of another similar passage. The seventh was a deduction from the text soon became excessive.
For example Rabbi Akiba A.
A man with a violent temper, he had a recondite meaning, just as every fiber of a flys wing or an ants interpreted the Law rigidly. The teachings of these two rabbis often foot has its peculiar significance. After the fall of Jerusalem in A.
If there is a superfluous and or also, or sign of case, these are always to be specially interpreted. If in 2 Rings , it said Allegorizing is searching for a hidden or a secret meaning underlying of Elisha that he also had smitten the waters [KJV] it means but remote from and unrelated in reality to the more obvious mean- that Elisha did more wonders at the Jordan than Elijah.
If ing of a text. In other words the literal reading is a sort of code, David says Thy servant slew also the lion, also the bear, the which needs to be deciphered to determine the more significant and meaning by the rule of inclusion after inchsion , is that he slew hidden meaning. In this approach the literal is superficial; the alle- three animals besides. If it is written that God visited Sarah, it gorical is the true meaning. He [also] visited other barren women.
Jewish allegorization was influenced by the allegorizing of the Greeks. Greek philosophers, while appreciating the ancient Greek Hillel and Shammui writings of Homer ninth century B.
He was born in Babylonia and established a ings. For instance Phaedra fell in love with her stepson Hippolytus. He was known for Zeus had to defeat the three-headed Typhon.
And Ares, the Greek his humility and love. He arranged under six topics the many rules god of war, delighted in slaughter. Theogenes of Rhegium, who lived around B. Another sug- gestion of the first philosopher to allegorize Homer is Pherecydes of Syros, of the seventh century B.
The allegorizing approach enabled Greek philosophers who came along later, such as the Stoics, Chaeremon, and Cleanthes, to promote their own ideas while claiming to be faithful to the writings of the past. They could promote their own teachings under the guise of allegorizing the mythology of Homer and Hesiod. The Greek writers in this way were using allegorizing for apologetic purposes, to keep the Greek poets from being ridiculed.
Jews in Alexandria, Egypt were influenced by Greek philoso- phy. But they too faced a problem: How could they accept the Old Testament and also Greek philosophy, particularly that of Plato? Their solution was to do the same as the Greek philosophers them- selves, namely, to allegorize the Old Testament. The Alexandrian Jews were concerned about anthropomorphisms and immoralities in the Old Testament, just as the Greek philosophers were embarrassed by those elements in Homer and Hesiod. They too saw this as a means of apologetics, a way to defend the Old Testament to the Greeks.
The Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament made in Alexandria about years before Christ, makes deliberate attempts to remove the anthropomorphisms of God. The form of the Lord in the Hebrew of Numbers is rendered in the Septuagint the glory of the Lord.
What caused the diffused blood? Why the discolored tissue? Why is this blockage here? Observing what we see in the biblical text, we then should correctly handle it 2 Tim. The participle correctly handling incorrectly translated in the Kink James Version rightly dividing translates the Greek word ortbotomunta.
This combines two words that mean straight ortho and cut tome. One writer explains the meaning of this as follows: Because Paul is a tentmaker, he may have been using an expression that tied in with his trade. When Paul made tents, he used certain patterns.
It is a means to an end, not an end in itself. The goal of Bible study is not simply to determine what it says and what it means, but rather to apply it to ones life. If we fail to apply the Scriptures, we cut short the entire process and have not finished what God wants us to do. True, the Bible gives us many facts we need to know about God, ourselves, sin, salvation, and the future. We go to the Bible for information and insight, and this is proper. But the question is, What will we do with that information and insight?
Interpretation is the step that moves us from reading and observing the text on to applying and living it out. Bible study is an intellectual pursuit in which we seek understanding of what God says. But Bible study must go beyond that to include spiritual discipline, in which we seek to put into practice what we read and understand. Heart appropriation, not merely head apprehension, is the true goal of Bible study. Only in this way can believers grow spiritually. Spiritual maturity, in which we become more like Christ, comes not just from knowing more about the Bible.
It comes from knowing more about the Bible and applying it to our spiritual needs. This was Pauls goal, that he might encourage and teach others so that they would become mature in Christ Col. And Peter wrote that we should crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it [we] may grow up in [our] salvation 1 Peter Paul wrote that knowledge puffs up 1 Cor.
But then He added that their study was of no value because they refused to come to Him to have life v. One of the classic passages on the inspiration of the Scriptures is 2 Timothy 3: It is one thing to read 2 Timothy , noting that God has called us to a holy life, and to understand that holiness is a life of purity and godliness, made possible by the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit.
But it is another thing to deal with sin in our lives so that we are in fact leading holy lives. It is one thing to study what the Scriptures say about the return of Christ in passages such as 1 Thessalonians and 1 Corinthians But it is another thing to build on and move beyond those facts to the point of loving His appearing 2 Tim. Bible interpretation, then, as the second step in Bible study is absolutely essential.
Interpretation is foundational to application. If we do not interpret properly, we may end up applying the Bible wrongly. How you interpret many passages has a direct effect on your conduct and the conduct of other people as well: For example, if a pastor interprets certain passages as saying that remarriage is acceptable after divorce, then that influences how he counsels divorcees about remarriage.
If a pastor understands 1 Corinthians to teach that women should wear hats in church, then his interpretation affects what he teaches his congregation. Whether abortion is right or wrong, how to find Gods will, how to lead a meaningful life, how to be an effective husband or wife or parent, how to react to suffering- all these depend on and relate to hermeneutics and how you interpret various passages.
As one writer put it, Interpreting the Bible is one of the most important issues facing Christians today. It lies behind what we believe, how we live, how we get on together, and what we have to offer to the world.
Without proper biblical interpretation, the theology of an individual or of an entire church may be misdirected or superficial and its ministry unbalanced. Understanding the Bible is a lifelong process. As you study the Word, you will be asking yourself, What does this mean? Is this view correct? Why or why not? What about this interpretation? Is it valid? As you hear sermons and listen to teachers, you are continually confronted with the question, Is what he is saying about the Bible correct?
As you discuss the Bible with others, you will be faced with the question of which of several possible views is more likely the meaning of the passage being considered.
Seeking to determine what a passage really means is an intriguing intellectual and spiritual challenge. And as you share the Word of God, people will be asking you, What does this verse mean2 How are we to understand this passage?
Because of the extent of content in the Bible, and the diversity of the kinds of literature in the Bible, hermeneutics is an area of study with numerous problems and issues. For example how do we know if a passage was intended only for the people to whom it was initially addressed or if it is intended for ensuing generations?
Can a passage have more than one meaning, and if so, how are they to be determined? Did some of the Bible authors write more than they understood?
Is the Bible more than a human book? If it is also a divine book, how does this affect our interpretation of various passages? How are we to interpret various proverbs in the Bible?
Are they universally applicable? If we believe in literal interpretation, how does that affect our understanding of figures of speech? If the Bible includes figures of speech, then is all the Bible to be interpreted in a spiritual or mystical sense? How do we understand prophecy? Since there are varying views on how to interpret Bible prophecy, how can we know which view is more likely the accurate one?
Why does the New Testament quote the Old Testament in ways that seemingly alter the way the verses read in the Old Testament? How can we move from interpretation to application?
This is essential for our own spiritual lives and for effectiveness in ministering to others. He discusses the challenges of Bible interpretation, considers the problems of Bible interpretation, explores the history of Bible interpretation, and defines key terms--all in a practical, down-to-earth way. Though Dr. Zuck's many years of teaching and scholarship are evident in this book, he has written in language understandable to all who are serious about bible study and who want to know better what Scripture means.
Basic Bible Interpretation lives up to its title. It deals with the basics and doesn't confuse the reader with extraneous material. It focuses on the bible as the Word of God and handles that Word with reverence and godly fear. It tells us how to interpret this marvelous Book, and even gives the reader opportunity to put the principles into practice.
In every way, this book is a practical tool for the serious student who wants to study the Bible and apply its truths.