Download Free Ebook English for Business Studies Ian MacKenzie PDF A Course for Business and Studies and Economics Students. lanMacKenzie cM- T;;Eft8, il t$ i$ftu nglishfor usinessStudies coursefor Business Studies nd Economicsstudents ird Edition StudenttBook. A course for Business Studies and Economics students. English for. Business Studies Ian MacKenzie teaches at the Haute École de Gestion, Lausanne.
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Differentiated Practices Board of Directors Formed by six members two independents member and four representatives of the controlling block , the Board of Directors provides the general strategic guidelines for the business. The group meets every month or whenever so requested by any one of its members. Residents in Brazil or abroad, they are elected for a two-year period, with the possibility for re-election. The terms of the current board members end on March 03, The By-Laws do not establish a limit age for their retirement, also applicable for the executive directors.
She joined the in July to implement the Compliance department.
He was CEO of Serasa between and The term is two years, with the possibility for re-election. As a result of the signing of the Novo Mercado Participation Agreement, the managing partners signed a consent agreement to the Novo Mercado Participation Agreement and the Novo Mercado Regulations as condition for taking office in their respective positions.
More information about the Management is available on the By-Law.
Fabricio Costa Angelin Chief Executive Officer, Financial and Investor Relations Director He has more than 20 years of experience in the financial market, working on the commercial, products and finance areas; besides being the Executive Officer of an airline company, where he worked on a loyalty program. He also studied at reputable education institutions such as Stanford University and Harvard Business School. Empathic doctor-patient communication then means not only mean understanding and sympathizing but having the ability to bridge the gap when patients are not willing to talk.
An important issue when discussing ELF is the notion of speakers of ELF being active language users in their own right, who do not need to adhere to native speaker norms but use ELF to meet their communicative needs.
One overarching factor seems to be a discrepancy between perceptions on the role of ELF in everyday interactions all over the globe on the one hand, and the dominance of as well as reliance on native speaker norms on the other hand. In contrast, English as Lingua Franca users tend to focus on effective communication with speakers of other linguistic backgrounds. In ELF interactions, intelligibility is key, which may not necessitate an advantage for native speakers see above.
Debates in ELF[ edit ] Colin Sowden  opened the debate with a paper in which he discusses which version of English to teach to second language L2 learners.
Sowden claims that Standard English, especially British English, has a colonial baggage that still affects the status of English in post-colonial countries and it is this negative value that has led ELF researchers to an attempt to describe and posit a neutralized version of English and to make it a universal one that belongs to every speaker, both native and second language speakers.
Sowden argues that introducing ELF in ELT will lead to differences between schools where this is implemented, and schools which have the freedom to use a native standard model, favouring the latter.
For Sowden, the use of multilingual and local teachers can also be beneficial for L2 learners, as these teachers have knowledge of the local culture and spoken languages and the constraints they have on learning English. The way forward according to Sowden is to focus on communicative ability, not on universal conformity. Secondly, Cogo draws on the importance of studying accommodation in ELF interactions by emphasising the different ways in which people adjust their English at the level of words, grammar and discourse in ELF communication instead of focusing on the core features of ELF as suggested by Sowden.
Sowden argues that ELF researchers encourage ELF speakers to use specific varieties of English over others, an argument that Cogo refutes by stating that researchers only use empirical data to show what happens in ELF interactions, and never to tell speakers what to use. Cogo further cites various studies in the field that have demonstrated that ELF communication is fluid and innovative, with an emphasis on highly variable linguistic forms.
Sewell  argued that the debate about ELF between Sowden and Cogo fails to acknowledge the variation that characterises language use today.
He claims that it is counterproductive to polarise ELF and non-ELF and native and non-native speakers, as there is great diversity in all areas of English language usage. English For Business Communication. English academic writing for students and researchers.
Child Language: A Resource Book for Students. Living English Structure: A Practice Book for Foreign Students.
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