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Ramandeep Singh. musicmarkup.info ENGLISH GRAMMAR NOTES. Ramandeep Singh musicmarkup.info Dec 27, Online Study Material and Free Notes pdf downlaod for Bank, UPSC, SSC, Airforce, Navy, Coast Guard and other Competitive Exam - Free Download Try it. [PDF] Download SBI PO Study Material, books, practice sets and Free Mock test. Some important (Sub-Verb Agreement) notes of. English Grammar Lessons. Feel free to download, re-use, or share the following English grammar lessons with your friends, colleagues, or students. To view the.
These notes will help you to pass the exam. A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of. This is a key rule for understanding subjects. The word of is the culprit in many, perhaps most, subject-verb mistakes. Hasty writers, speakers, readers, and listeners might miss the all-too-common mistake in the following sentence: Incorrect: A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room. Correct: A bouquet of yellow roses lends. Examples: My aunt or my uncle is arriving by train today.
Then, by being in touch with the family, the child is able to imitate the dialogue and thus becomes profound in the field of language. In this way, we can say that language is an object of imitation and a continuous process. It is still practiced in many schools worldwide. The aim of language learning is to understand the structure of the language and rules of grammar.
In our schools, many subjects are taught. English is also taught as a second language, a particular practice is given to the students to learn English.
The teacher takes help of the mother tongue to teach English. Translation of each and every word, phrase and sentence are done into the mother tongue. For language learning Elaborate explanations of grammatical rules are provided.
For learning a language attention is paid to reading and writing and no attention is paid to speaking and listening. The Grammar-cum-translation method is used to teach the English language. The meaning of the sentence is incomplete without the reflexive pronoun. Examples: Monicah bought herself a new dress.
The meaning of the sentence is incomplete without the reflexive pronoun because we do not know for whom Monicah bought the dress. An Intensive pronoun is used to emphasise a noun or a pronoun. It does not add information to a sentence, and it can be removed without changing the meaning of the sentence.
I myself pulled the boy out of the river.
If you remove myself, the meaning of the sentence does not change Exercise 12 Identify the Reflexive and Intensive pronouns in the following sentences, labelling them accordingly. I myself have never tried mountain climbing. He himself was taking the cows to graze in the forest.
My sister Annastasia mends her clothes herself. She often challenges herself by doing strenuous activities. You may ask yourself about the sanity of beer drinking competition.
Special Pronouns Problems 1. Double subjects We all know that every sentence must have a subject. Sometimes we incorrectly use a double subject — a noun and a pronoun - to name the same person, place, or thing. Incorrect Correct Jane she is my cousin. Jane is my cousin. She is my cousin. Her scarf it is pretty. Her scarf is pretty. It is pretty. Jane and she should not be used as subjects together.
The subject her scarf should not be used together with it. Use only a noun or a pronoun to name a subject. Pronouns and their Antecedents The antecedent of a pronoun is a noun or another pronoun for which the pronoun stands. A personal pronoun, you will remember, is used in place or a noun.
The noun is the word to which the pronouns refer and it is therefore its antecedent. The noun usually comes first, either in the same sentence or in the sentence before it. Examples: We met Mureithi. He is the medical doctor. He stands for Mureithi. The students had come to school with their mobile phones. Their stands for students. Pronouns may be the antecedents of other pronouns. Examples: Does everybody have his booklet? All of the students have brought theirs.
All, which is a plural indefinite pronoun, is the antecedent of theirs. Now, a pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number. Agree here means that the pronoun must be the same in number as its antecedent. The word number means singular or plural.
If the pronoun is singular, the word that it stands for must be singular, and it must be plural if the word it stands for is plural. Examples: Correct: The scientists tested their new discovery Scientists is plural; their is plural. InCorrect: The scientists tested his new discovery.
Correct: Mr. Kiama turned on his TV. Mr Kiama is singular; his is singular Correct: Nobody left her workstation Nobody is singular, her is singular NB: When the antecedent refers to both males and females, it is best to use the phrase his or her. Use of we and us with nouns. Phrases such as we students and us girls are often incorrectly used. To tell which pronoun to use, drop the noun and say the sentence without it. Problem: We, Us boys study hard. Problem: The DC praised us, we students.
Using the pronoun Them The word them is always a pronoun. It is always used as the object of a verb or a preposition, never as a subject. Examples: Correct: The president greeted them direct object of the verb greeted Correct: She gave them a Sandwich Indirect object of the verb gave Correct: The information was useful to them object of the preposition to InCorrect:Them they arrived late.
Using Those Although we previously said that those is used as a demonstrative pronouns, it is sometimes used as an adjective i.
If a noun appears immediately after it, those is now an adjective, not a pronoun. Examples: Those are the new desks that were bought. Those is a pronoun, the subject of the verb are. Those desks are attractive. Those is an adjective modifying the noun desks.
Exercise 13 Each of the following sentences has a double subject. Write each correctly. Papa Shirandula he is a good actor. Many people they find him funny. The show it was on television for many years.
Their daughter she is also in that show. The shoes they are beautiful. People they like our hotel. My brother he drives a matatu. Our hotel it is open seven days a week. The TV it is very clear today. My brother and sister they work in Nairobi. Exercise 1 Pick the correct pronoun in the brackets in the following sentences.
We, Us students started a school magazine last month. Many careers are unpromising. Them, Those are the ones to avoid. One of them, those motivational speakers was especially interesting.
A financial analyst told we, us students about his work. Finding jobs was important to we, us graduates. Answers on Pronouns 1.
They ate fish and chips. We like Italian food. It is delicious 4. The biggest eater was he. You helped in the cooking. The cooks were Tom and I. Exercise 2 1. They were under the table. She fed the chicken. They were juicy. They visited the orphans. The new waitress is she.
The fastest runners were Tecla and she.
She went to the hall. It was slaughtered. Lucky Dube and she were South African singers. He has won many athletics medals. Exercise 3 1.