English for Specific Purposes is a new area of study for many scholars, but the work Dudley-Evans and St John state that the general aim of Developments in . This paper reviews trends and developments in English for specific purposes ( ESP) research. for Specific Purposes Research and Paltridge and Starfield's ( ) Handbook of. English for .. org/documents/musicmarkup.info Chun. ESP interests, i.e., needs analysis and curriculum development, genre and interest in English for specific purposes research, as well as people working in the.
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English for Specific Purposes is perhaps the most vibrant and innovative arena of language teaching and. Tony Dudley-Evans and Maggie Jo St John are well known in the field for their practical, issues, to course design, materials development, and assessment. Developments in English for Specific Purposes. A Multi-Disciplinary Approach Tony Dudley-Evans and Maggie Jo St John. Cambridge: CUP. pp. Developments in English for specific purposes: a multi-disciplinary approach; Tony Dudley-Evans and Maggie-Jo St John. Cambridge, Cambridge University.
Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Developments in English for Specific Purposes. A Multi-Disciplinary Approach. It is a pleasure to say, at last, that this long-awaited book is already available worldwide. It does not seem necessary to point out the quality of this book, which is simply what we have been expecting from these two widely-respected authors. A Multi-Disciplinary Approach is to pull together the theory and practice of English for Specific Purposes, using their experi en ce as lecturers and practitioners in this subject p.
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This, of course, is nonsense, as Dudley-Evans and St John suggest. No pedagogic practice can operate independently of a view of language, learners, and learning, and ESP has demonstrated a clear theoretical stance on these issues through a longstanding commitment to linguistic analysis, contextual relevance, and the pedagogic replication of community-specific communicative events. A development of the paradigm shift to communicative language learning in the s, ESP has helped mature and refine this concern by drawing on the theoretical positions that have seemed most likely to offer the best advantages for practice.
These have principally been cross-cultural issues, social constructivism, and discourse analysis strongly influenced by Systemic Functional Linguistics. By basing pedagogical decisions on these sources of analyses it has constantly sought to interpret how some particular aspects of the real communicative world works, and to translate these understandings into practical classroom applications.
This definition therefore also stresses both the research-base of the field in terms of the need to identify the language features, skills, and genres of the target groups to be taught, and the various roles required of the ESP practitioner in this endeavour. A more problematic feature of the discussion in this section however is the view taken towards the notion of specificity. The chapters on English for Academic Purposes chapter three and English for Business Purposes chapters four both distinguish between general and specific versions, with the former concerned with generic skills or language that may be useful across a range of disciplines, professions, or purposes.
While such courses obviously exist, and may even be in demand, I am unsure if we should refer to them as ESP. There is enough research emerging now to demonstrate that the ways different communities go about their business of conducting tutorials, producing reports, evaluating essays, and so on, vary considerably.
The literate activities which we, as ESP practitioners, seek to identify and teach are situated in a variety of cognitive, social, and cultural contexts such that the language and activities which occur are indexically connected to the particular purposes and understandings of community members. We obviously can, and often do, refer to textbooks, memos, or oral presentations as overarching genres, and to skimming, scanning, or writing letters as universal academic or professional skills.
But it is only when we situate these genres and activities by referring to specific pragmatic contexts that they cease to be displays of linguistic code or social behaviour and take on significance as discourse and as literate practices. In other words, we may want to reserve the term ESP to refer to the ways we help students discover how certain valued text forms and practices are socially constructed in response to the common communicative purposes of particular social groups.
The second part of the book turns to essentially pedagogic issues. Here the authors provide a valuable overview of methods, materials and other practicalities of ESP teaching, offering a good introduction to the major topics and some sensitive and sensible suggestions on classroom procedures and practices. There is useful advice, for example, on how to set up cooperative teaching projects with client disciplines, on producing and modifying materials, and on writing tests.
However, the chapters on materials production, skills development, classroom practices, and assessment are well written, contain useful material, and will be extremely helpful to teachers. A major strength of this book is its careful integration of general theoretical issues and practical application. Although the authors raise many important points, they refuse to let the text get bogged down in controversy, dogma, or too much detail, preferring to provide readers with a broad vista of the field and allowing them to reflect and follow up on aspects that interest them.
For students this offers a refreshingly straightforward account of important issues, developments, and practices in ESP. For teachers, the case studies, sample published materials, and recommended readings, supplement the text and point outwards to a variety of sources, encouraging alternative approaches and new ideas. While some readers may have liked more in-depth discussion on certain topics, the scope of the work is extremely wide ranging and there is plenty here both for the newcomer and for the practicing teacher seeking to update his or her knowledge of developments in the field.
Overall the book offers a comprehensive and much needed profile of ESP. It is a coherent and stimulating sourcebook which raises the important conceptual and research questions and addresses the major practical issues of the field in a very accessible way. A Multi-Disciplinary Approach is to pull together the theory and practice of English for Specific Purposes, using their experi en ce as lecturers and practitioners in this subject p.
Additionally, they assume that their experience in both English for Academic Purposes EAP and English for Occupational Purposes EOP will help them to survey these extremely fascinating areas of study, trying to design an up-to-date, introductory overview. The authors have also made a special effort to include activities, extracts from ESP textbooks and academic texts, and some recommended bibliography on each of the units of this book.
Chapter 1 provides an overview of concepts and issues that will recur in subsequent ch a pters , i n troducing a gen eral def i n i ti on of E S P, a basic stu dy on differen t classifications of ESP, and an analysis of the figure of the ESP practitioner under d i f ferent pers pectives te ach er, re s e a rch er, eva lu a tor, co u rse de s i gn er, a n d collaborator.
This general introduction will help the reader to understand ESP as a multi-disciplinary activity.
Chapter 2 retraces the recent history of English for Specific Purposes and explores the basis of today's thinking. Additionally, it is highly fascinating their study on the trends in English for Occupational Purposes. It is important to point out, as the authors confirm p. In my opinion, the core of the book begins with Chapter 3, which discusses the four different types of orientations observed within English for Academic Purposes.
It seems important to point out, as it has been previously commented by Blue , that there is an important difference between English for General Academic Purposes and English for Specific Academic Purposes. Additionally, the authors accurately point out that there are different authors mixing definitions,assuming that, in certain cases, there is not a very clear distinguishing border between EAP and EOP. As the authors point out, the professional demands placed on Business English teachers may be higher than on those in other fields, as there is a clear need in order to learn the language.
This is, in my opinion, the most interesting chapter of this book, as the authors analyse a number of key issues for Business English, such as the concepts of discourse community, business genres, learners' expectations and strategies, and different cross-cultural features in order to imply a communicative process.
It is important to point out that the book also includes an analysis about the importance of the needs analysis in Business English something that will be studies in further detail in chapter 7 , as well as a study on the role of the teacher in these specific settings.
In the following chapter, the authors examine the different language issues in ESP, paying special attention to grammar verbs and tenses,modality, use of articles, and connectors , vocabulary technical,semi-technical and general , and genre analysis. In my opinion,and even understanding that many researchers have already worked on these different aspects, I would have loved to see more information and examples in this chapter.
Dudley-Evans and St John, divide the skills in five different units: After each of these skills,they discuss the various approaches that can be followed in order to teach our students these skills. This chapter is especially interesting, as it gives us a number of clues on how to improve the overall quality of our classes.
The authors define both concepts, stressing their importance in order to design our courses and, what is more important, offering an example on a pre-course information questionnaire. Nevertheless, I consider that this chapter could have been implemented with more information about different evaluation systems, which are barely mentioned.