Cold Mountain. M. THOMAS INGE. A Biographical Sketch. For several decades now numerous critics have announced the death of the novel. PDF | Ever since its appearance in , Charles Frazier's novel, Cold Mountain, has been billed as a latter-day Odyssey. Separate. eBooks Download Cold Mountain [PDF, ePub] by Charles Frazier Complete Read Online "Click Visit button" to access full FREE ebook.
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Cold Mountain, all its ridges and coves and watercourses. Pigeon River . Cold Mountain to be the chief mountain of the world. Inman asked. The novel is set around the fictional town of Cold Mountain in the southern Cold Mountain is about his journey home from the ravages of the Civil War. He can. 1 The Origins of 'The Second World War': Historical Discourse.. 'World War' is used in the third From World War to Camping in the Cold. 31 Pages··
Chapter 19 Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Cold Mountain, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. In the high altitude, it snows heavily. One day, Inman notices that the snow in front of him is stained with blood. He sees that a fire was lit in the area very recently, and he can also see what looks like a grave. He goes to a nearby creek to get some water. Inman tries to distract himself from his hunger by thinking about reuniting with Ada. Cold Mountain itself is becoming stronger as a symbol in the book, here an enormous physical reminder that Ada is nearby.
The book was a surprise hit, selling more than 3 million copies and winning Frazier the National Book Award, arguably the most prestigious honor for American fiction. In , the novel was adapted as an Academy Award-winning film by Anthony Minghella. Frazier published his second novel, Thirteen Moons, in , and his third, Nightwoods, in He resides in Raleigh, North Carolina, with his wife and daughter.
Download it! In the early s, the Southern states of the Union banded together under the leadership of Jefferson Davis to declare their independence from the Union, and from the U. Between and , the Northern states of the Union, headed by President Abraham Lincoln, fought a deadly war with the Confederacy, and hundreds of thousands of soldiers lost their lives in battles like Fredericksburg and Petersburg.
By , it became clear that the Southern states, while passionate about their secession, lacked the manpower to defeat the larger, more powerful Union.
In April of , the Southern states formally surrendered. Cold Mountain also alludes to more subtle cultural changes in the middle of the 19th century, such as the liberalization of women following the Civil War. The home long sought by the wander- ing Odysseus is abandoned by his family, which itself had been previously Some portray, surprisingly from a Homeric perspective, the infidelity of Penelope or the exile of Odysseus. For Odysseus as an exile figure already upon return to Ithaca, see Perry The marriage of Penelope to a suitor is frequently suggested as a real possibility, notably by the shade of Agamemnon The suitors enact a plot to assassinate Telema- chus 4.
Such scenarios are averted in the Odyssey, but in a sense actualized in the Telegony. The non-Homeric traditions portray Odysseus as not sustain- ing his return, whether because he is forced into exile, abandons Ithaca, or fails to protect it and himself.
That these stories are plausible and probably traditional is signaled by various passages within the Homeric epic. Eupeithes, father of the suitor Antinoos, assumes after the slaughter that Odysseus has fled And Odysseus twice suggests he will be exiled As above with the Odyssey, an initial socio- economic perspective will provide a fundamental basis for analysis.
In the Malkin , —23 ; Tsagalis , On closure in the Odyssey, see Peradotto , 59— C h a p t e r 8 American novel, as well as in the ancient Greek epic, an agrarian ideal is generally upheld, though of a rather more middling sort.
Under the tutelage of Ruby, she learns how to plant small fields and manage a few domesticated animals. In socio-economic terms, Ada moves from urban mercantilism to small-scale agriculture centered around a small town; in a cartographic sense, her journey moves westward from the urban seaboard to the moun- tainous region of Appalachia.
Like Ada, he also moves westward, desert- ing from a military hospital in Raleigh to travel across the lowlands and the piedmont toward the Blue Ridge mountains. His hostility toward the lowlands is so strong that he views its fauna, animals, and topography as hideous and disgusting: All this flat land.
Red dirt. Mean towns. He had fought over ground like this from the piedmont to the sea, and it seemed like nothing but the place where all that was foul and sorry had flowed downhill and pooled in the low spots. Frazier , 53 As Inman continues, he expresses his attitude more rationally, in terms of socio-economic alienation.
We might imagine that if Inman should visit the hierarchal, slave-based agrarian economy of Heroic Age Ithaca, he would not be impressed.
Other examples of agriculture in On spatial and topographical aspects, cf. Inscoe ; Way ; Chang Historically there would have been socio-economic connectivity between the seaboard, the Piedmont, and the mountains: Way , Piacentino ; Bryant The mountain homestead of the noble Sarah, on the other hand, is so isolated that it is vulnerable; the widow requires Inman for protection against Union raiders.
These two small agrarian homesteads represent a polarity of connectivity—one corrupted by external money, the other so independent it lacks communal support. As his journey to Cold Moun- tain progresses, Inman encounters various other livelihoods. She describes her pastoral and foraging lifestyle thusly: a body can mainly live off goats, their milk and cheese. And their meat in times of year when they start increasing to more than I need.
I pull what- ever wild green is in season. Trap birds. Resource acquisition is also practiced by Inman in the course of his journey, for he must repeatedly hunt, fish, or forage for sus- tenance e. Like Odysseus, Inman on his journey both observes and adopts several socio-economic cultures.
Plantation owners and raid- ers both Guardsmen and Union soldiers are portrayed as morally cor- rupt. Small-scale agriculture, pastoralism, hunting, fishing, and foraging are potentially acceptable—much depends on the circumstances. They lived by farming a little bit of their own land, and by open-range herding of cattle and hogs, by hunting and fishing, gathering and gleaning.
On Virgilian agrarianism in the colonial south, see Gentilcore ; on the Virgilian qualities of Cold Mountain, see E. McDermott , — C h a p t e r 8 Ambiguous Cold Mountain The definition of home and homecoming for Inman is not immediately clear. Inman does return to Cold Mountain—or almost. He discovers that Ada is not at home in her Black Cove farm near the town of Cold Moun- tain, so he proceeds to follow her up onto the slopes of Cold Mountain.
There a reunion occurs, hesitant yet ultimately intimate—comparable to the reunion of Odysseus and Penelope. But the imagined future of Inman and Ada is not to occur in the immediate future, for they both agree that the farm is unsafe for a deserter until the war is over.
And so even before Inman is killed, his nostos is deferred by the contemplation of a variety of alternatives. Inman refuses to consider re-enlisting with the Confederate Army. Ada recognizes that hiding out from the Home Guard in the wilderness is not safe. Other illusory choices are raised—for exam- ple, the two traveling together to Texas, the western territories, or even to Europe—only to be rejected.
Swimmer believed that the summit of Cold Mountain reached up into the lower portions of a celestial forest heaven, a claim that Inman initially discounts but later finds comforting on his long journey home 16— Vandiver , —43 ; E. McDermott , Some of his brothers were killed in the war; others spent time in a northern prison camp.
See Peuser and Plante See Burgess , 98— When Inman journeys home from the war Cold Mountain arises in his mind often. At first his thoughts turn not to the Cherokee utopia but analogical escapes in the vicinity of the mountain. Early on in his journey he imagined living in a cabin high up on Cold Mountain, perhaps with Ada Other characters also recognize the wild mountain as an alternative location to live.
When Ada and Ruby camp on the mountain slopes, Ada imagines that she could comfortably live there Like belated visitors to a bygone world, they speculate on the lives of the family that lived in a ruined hut Later they daydream of a future in which they will display to children an arrowhead that they discover in a living tree — Native ruins and artifacts on Cold Moun- tain thus inspire Inman and Ada to travel mentally, backwards to an exotic past and forwards towards their hopeful future.
In the novel, the Shining Rocks are a real topographical feature at top of the Cold Mountain; in the real world, Shining Rock Mountain, notable for quartz outcrops near its top, is near Cold Mountain.
Both are now part of the Shining Rock Wilderness area. A river. Rich bottomland. Broad fields of corn. McDermott , , connects the native American theme with a Golden Age of classical myth.
For Inman, this historical exile is especially relevant, for upon his return to Cold Mountain he finds that he also is confronted with exile, whether out west, across the sea to Europe, or up north into enemy territory.
He reckons that if he is not accepted by Ada he could try to enter the portal of the Shining Rocks When Inman reunites with Ada on the slopes of the mountain, the two toy with the idea of the Cherokee utopia as a refuge To the lovers, escape to Shining Rocks would be a tantalizing way to leave home yet at the same time stay at home, to live at Cold Mountain yet be removed from its socio-political surroundings, in accordance with the wistful Cherokee legend.
In fact the destination of his nostos had been ill defined all along. He never envisions returning to his home or family, neither of which are precisely described in the novel. See above for the exile of Odysseus in some traditions, as at Apollodorus, Epit. An Odyssean analogue to the rock-enclosed Shining Rocks would be the Scheria of the Phaeacians, which Poseidon intends to enclose with a mountain —71; cf.
Scheria, which paradoxically is culturally insular yet sometimes appears to be a hub of the Greek maritime connectivity see Burgess, a, , is fated to become literally shut off from the outside world.
Scheria is one of many paradisiacal islands cf. Though their relationship began there, in a brief encounter in the kitchen 77— Ruby plans for the farm include cows and pigs ; Inman is agreeable to all that but wants to add goats It would be an entirely new arrangement, spa- tially and economically.
Since Inman, Ada, and Ruby construct the agrarian ideal variously, they have different visions of a future implementation of it.
Both Ada and Inman assume that travel, or at least the enjoyment of imported goods, will be part of their happy future Like Ada and Ruby, Inman muses on the broad spectrum of travel, from exile to tourism. Sometimes Inman likens himself to a wretched and solitary wanderer, yet travel also offers an alternative to a violent world that seems to have failed him.
The Goat Woman offers another positive, if amusingly ironical, perspective on travel. Though she professes to dislike staying in one place, her caravan wagon has not moved for over two and a half decades. For Inman, travel exists in tension with home. Death prevents Inman from returning to any past or future home. Death also precludes a temporary exile, whether out west, in Europe, or up north across enemy lines.
The unlikely possibility of entering Shining Rocks is also lost. But at his death Inman has a utopian vision that seems to conflate an agrarian life with Ada and the utopia of Shining Rocks. As Ada cradles his head—which a hypothetical distant observer is said to misper- On competing agrarian visions in Cold Mountain, see Freyfogle , 46—69, chap. C h a p t e r 8 ceive as romantic—Inman imagines a utopian farm where all the seasons seem to merge On one level Cold Mountain is a story of failed homecoming Vandiver Ada is pictured enjoying agrarian life in Black Cove, not with Inman, it is true, but with the daughter that resulted from their brief reunion.
But if the dying vision represents a Golden Age, one balanced between space and time, it is as illusory as Shining Rocks. The epilogue of Cold Mountain offers a more realistic alternative to homecoming, a home that is Hesiodic in its allegiance to craft and hard work.
Gifford —2, 94 ; Vandiver , —27 ; E. The everlasting fertility is typical of Greek mythological paradises, notably the orchard of Alcinous in Scheria Od. McDermott for the comparison. But slavery is rather obscured in the novel, and an episode featuring complacently loyal slaves strikes an odd note —5.
And environmental aware- ness is a strong theme through the novel. The plausibly detailed historicism of the Civil War tale is imbued with late twentieth-century values. For all the attention to nature and agrarian ideal, it seems to have an urban audience in mind—which it certainly found as a best-seller, and as the inspiration for a movie.
Penelope and Ada at home are of course essential for the ongoing con- struction of home—even more essential than the protagonists who travel toward them. Penelope, though of uncertain political status, succeeds in preserving a semblance of the Ithaca of the past through patient wiliness. Any attempt to define home, and certainly to explain and justify the homecoming of a return, requires contemplation. If we perceive complacent Way ; Van Tassel Diamond and Orenstein surveys the different strands of ecofeminist theory.
Gifford —2 compares the novel to the pastoral poetry of Theocritus in its expectation of an urban audience. On the double vision of pastoral, see, e.
Broadly pastoral or post-pastoral characteristics are explored at Marx ; Buell ; for Cold Mountain, see Gifford —2 ; Way Murnaghan  for the limitations established for Penelope by the Odyssey; Katz and Felson-Rubin , —29 for hints of alternative choices for her within the Ho- meric epic; and Tsagalis , 68—69 for the narration of these choices in non-Homeric narratives such as the Telegony.