Welcome to PORTRAIT TIPS and TECHNIQUES. This book is designed for advanced amateurs and new professionals wishing to improve their portraiture style. Sometimes, however, it is necessary in portrait photography to use a large- aperture lens with a larger maximum aperture than is offered with such zoom lenses. This technique is discussed on pages 21–22 and a similar photo is shown on .. your own few basics of portrait lighting—simple setups, tips on unique vision.
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There are tons of camera types on the market today—from cheap point-and- shoots to mirrorless interchangeable-lens (ILC) models, from tiny action cams to. Portrait photography: definition. Portrait photography or portraiture is photography of a person or group of people that displays the expression, personality. Portrait Tips and Techniques is a downloadable PDF file, which can be viewed on a number of devices – laptop and desktop computers, iPhone or Android.
Seeing the pictures you captured is almost indescribable. But to stay at the top of your game it is important to continuously improve and learn. Starting with new cameras and finishing with undiscovered and new methods of photography. Better equipment helps, but knowledge and experience help a lot more. These books will help you learn photography skills first hand from some of the best photographers in the world.
Turn on the audible beep for confirmation that your subject is in focus. Especially when shooting in low light, turn on the Focus Assist Lamp. Suggested Exposure Starting Points: The exposure for any photograph is made up of the combination of shutter speed, aperture and ISO sensitivity.
Your exposure will depend upon the lighting in your scene. In this mode, you set the Aperture, and the camera selects the corresponding shutter speed. If there is not enough light for a fast shutter speed, you will have to increase the ISO. Try setting it to ISO and meter the scene again. In this example, the flash was direct, lighting our two subjects.
Because of the shallow depth of field, they're in focus but the foreground and background are not. Using a Speedlight. If there is not enough light in your scene, you may want to use a Nikon Speedlight for additional lighting. There are a number of ways you can use a Speedlight to add illumination onto your subject. Try to set up your lighting and test it before your subjects are ready for their photographs, this will help you learn your equipment.
Remember to watch for harsh shadows behind your subject s. Remember that bounced light will pick up the color of the surface it is bounced against, so you want a white surface to bounce light off of.
If you have access to multiple Speedlights, use them. Also, turn on all of the lighting in the room, indoors, to increase the amount of light available. You can also use the Diffuser that came with your Speedlight to soften the quality of light hitting your portrait subject.
When using a Speedlight, remember that the sync speed of the flash unit to the camera is the fastest you can set your shutter speed to.
If your subject is backlit, use fill flash, with the Dome attachment on the Speedlight, and do not bounce. In this example, the subject is partially lit by direct sunlight and partially in shadow from the tree branches overhead. By adding fill-flash, the deep shadows are filled in and the overall light on our subject is better balanced. Core Shadow: The core shadow or form shadow is a dark strip that appears after the terminator. The appearance of the core shadow can be affected by reflections or multiple light sources.
Reflected Light: Objects are not only lit by light sources, but also by reflected light. Light bounces off different surfaces such as walls or even dust particles in the air, creating reflections.
These reflections can vary in color and value. Cast Shadow and Occlusion Shadow A cast shadow appears when a form blocks light from reaching the surface of another form. The edges of a cast shadow can appear soft or hard depending on the intensity and distance of the light source.
In direct sunlight the edges will appear hard, while in diffused light such as a cloudy day, edges will be soft. The longer a cast shadow gets, the lighter and softer it becomes due to reflected light from the environment around it.
Can you label the values on the nose sculpture below? Planes angled towards the light directly are the lightest. It really helps to observe your subject from multiple angles. Once you familiarize yourself with your subject, decide on how you will shade before you actually shade. Here are a few things to keep in mind before and while you shade: Abrupt vs Gradual Shading Transitions If you want to convey a round edge, avoid abrupt shading transitions.
The more gradual your shading is, the more smooth your edge becomes. Is Your Drawing Too Flat? Areas that remain white or are shaded with a solid tone indicate that they are facing the same direction.
Have a look at the center forehead plane in the three images below. The addition of these values are subtle, but do their job in transforming a flat surface into a more shapely one. Also take a close look at the right forehead plane.
Shading Practice Download the printable worksheets below and follow the instructions carefully. Follow along using your sketchbook! Page 1 , Page 2 Exercise 1: Pressure Control For the exercises below, try to implement the shading tips and techniques mentioned in Part 2 of the tutorial.
Gradually increase your pressure as you go. Your goal is to get a smooth gradient. Lift your pencil every now and then and rotate it slightly before you continue shading. Your goal is to make it look as though you never lifted the pencil at all. Shade in order from hardest to softest pencil and go from left to right. Your goal is to blend the values together seamlessly so you get something that looks like image 1. Split the area into 4 spaces labeling them 3, 2 and 1.
Add a darker layer of graphite over your first layer from left to right and ease up on the pressure as you approach 1. Do the same thing except this time stopping at 2. Then the same thing for 3. At this point, you may notice some inconsistencies. Make corrections by adding a few more layers where needed.
Use only your pencil to blend each of the values together.
Exercise 2: Stretch and Compress Values 2. Shade each one using vertical strokes. Exercise 3: Analyzing Contours 3a.
Add contour lines to each of the shapes below. Make up your own shapes and add contour lines to them.