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15 books by author Ragnar Bensons. 8 Ragnar's Big Book of Homemade Weapons Ragnar Benson Book Collection . PDF WITH TEXT. A RECIPE FOR SURVIVAL Alio by R*gn*rBtiuont Action Careers Brealh of the Dragon: HomebuiJi Flamethrowers Buil's Eye: Crossbows by Ragnar Benson Fire. Ragnar Benson Book Collection C 4, Homemade C 4 Ragnar Benson Paladin Press. Feb 8, Homemade C4 A Recipe For Survival By Ragnar Benson.
Your training, preparedness, health, well-being and safety are your own responsibility! What is Wilderness Survival? Be nice. Keep all posts on the topic of Wilderness Survival see definition above. This means no posts about urban survival, bug out, prepping, teotwawki, zombies, collapse, etc. Please use the search feature before posting.
This approach works best in rural stores. Urban clerks, used to supplying yuppie rose growers, may look askance at this sort of honesty. Would-be home-explosives manufacturers must learn to read fertilizer bags, at least in a superficial sense. The figures listed on the bag refer to the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potash contained in the product Am- monium sulfate will be listed as or something close.
Urea, which can contain from 46 to 48 percent nitrogen, would read Blends such as contain 21 percent nitrogen, 44 percent phosphate, and 8 percent pot- ash. These and other similar substitutes are worthless for anything other than fertilizing. Only ammonium nitrate contains a ratio of On arriving home with the fertilizer if you're not planning on using it right away , seal the unopened bag ammonium nitrate is properly sold in plastic- lined bags, not from bulk bins in at least two heavy-duty plastic garbage bags.
Of course, any partially full bags should also be thoroughly sealed to prevent moisture absorption. Under many circumstances in the United States, it is virtually impossible to store ammonium nitrate for any length of time and still maintain usable ingredients.
Ammonium nitrate has been involved in some spectacu- lar explosions during this century. Well over three million pounds of ammonium nitrate accidentally detonated in the harbor at Texas City, Texas, in Oppau, Germany, 8 Homemade C-4 Ammonium nitrate, a common garden and farm fertilizer, is available year-round throughout the United States at farm- and garden-supply stores.
However, in spite of these notable accidents, ammonium nitrate is relatively safe to handle. Many farmers store it in barns just a few feet from the house.
An unlikely combination of heat and contamination by oils or coal dust can cause problems, but as a general rule, I would not be fearful of keeping the material under my bed. It is inert, as road builders, quarry operators, farmers, contractors, and others who use it as an inexpen- sive blasting agent find out.
Ammonium nitrate must be Ammonium Nitrate 9 download only sealed bags of ammonium nitrate that is labeled The figures represent a ratio of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potash.
You want a fertilizer that contains 34 percent nitrogen, no phosphorous, and no potash. Don't be persuaded by salespeople to substitute other blends or products. download the freshest fertilizer you can find and seal it immediately in double garbage bags as soon as you get home.
Even with these combustible additives, I find it terribly difficult to make ammonium nitrate detonate. Officially, ammonium nitrate is considered only a blast- ing agent, but it does have some explosive applications, During World War I, the British, who were low on military explosives, used a million pounds of ammonium nitrate laced with TNT and powdered aluminum to stage a suc- cessful sapper attack against the German lines at Messines Ridge in Belgium.
The material is somewhat obscure, expensive, and at times desperately time-consuming to obtain. On the other hand, it is reasonably safe to handle and can be located if one applies oneself to the task. Nitromethane CH 3 N0 2 is used in many organic chem- istry laboratories as a washing solvent and is found in virtually every college chemistry lab. Industrial firms use it to dissolve plastics, clean up waxes and fats, and manufac- ture numerous chemical-based products.
More commonly j nitromethane is used as a fuel additive. Model-plane enthusiasts mix it with castor oil and alcohol to power their miniature engines. It is also used to fuel small indoor race cars and go-carls. But the largest group of consumers commonly available to survivors are drag racers. It is not uncommon for quarter-milers to burn gal- lons of this expensive fuel on every run. As a result, the best place to look for nitromethane is at drag strips and stock-car races.
Often a local petroleum n 14 Homemade C-4 dealer will bring a gallon barrel of the fuel to the track and sell it by the gallon to the drivers and mechanics. As a result, those who can't afford 55 gallons can download enough to compete that night. In some larger cities, petroleum dealers handle the fuel on a limited basis.
An hour or two on the phone may un- cover a dealer who will sell it by the gallon. Another likely place to look for nitromethane is in hobby shops. Most carry premixed model engine fuel, containing up to 40 percent nitrome thane. Theoretically, this fuel mixture should activate ammonium nitrate, but my experi- ence using it is mixed at best.
Perhaps if the fuel is fresh and dry, it might work consistently. The prob- lem appears to be the alcohol which, when mixed with the fuel, pulls moisture out of the air even when the botties are well sealed. A few well-stocked hobby shops carry six- or eight- ounce bottles of nitromethane. Model-plane enthusiasts usually do not use fuel containing more than 15 percent nitrome thane because it will burn up their expensive little engines.
So survivors probably won't find more than a gallon or two of the high-concentration, 40 percent fuel even in well-stocked hobby shops. If they do find it, it probably will not work consistently. If all else fails, nitromethane can be ordered at extremely high prices from chemical supply houses.
Most will sell it to individuals since nitromethane does have a number of Nitromethane 15 valid "civilian" uses. Check survival magazines for ad- dresses or borrow a Fisher or Sigma catalog from the local high-school chemistry department. It may be possible to locate local industrial or commercial users who are willing to sell a few spare gallons.
Officially, nitromethane is categorized as a Class 3 con- flagrant, meaning it reacts to open flame on about the same level as gasoline. It is not highly sensitive to shock. At drag strips, dealers drop barrels of nitromethane off their trucks or roll them around with impunity.
They seem little con- cerned with the consequences of rough handling. However, nitromethane is moderately toxic if ingested or inhaled. Heavy or regular ingestion can result in permanent damage to the kidneys. Nitromethane is about as toxic and explosive as leaded gasoline in its original state. Nitromethane is much less costly today than when it was developed at the turn of this century, Initially, it was made by reacting methyl iodide with silver nitrite.
The resulting product was combined through the Kolbe reaction method, using chloracetic acid. At the time, nitromethane explosives were considered effective but far too expensive to merit large-scale production.
Today, nitromethane is manufactured by injecting nitric acid into a high-pressure chamber containing superheated methane gas, a relatively inexpensive process. At temper- atures of degrees Celsius the reaction becomes self- sustaining.
Because its price has decreased so dramatically, nitromethane is encountered more frequently today as a fuel additive and in laboratories. Pure nitromethane is a thin, syrupy, yellow liquid. It smells a bit sweet, but the odor is subtle enough that it is Homemade C-4 not readily recognized. Food coloring can be safely added to camouflage the liquid, if you desire.
When lit, nitro- methane burns brightly with considerable heat and force until the fuel is consumed. In its pure, unmixed form, it has a shelf life of about four years before moisture destroys it. As with ammonium nitrate, possession of nitromethane is not controlled except perhaps in isolated local instances, Nitromethane can be stored by survivors for relatively long periods in plastic or steel containers.
If one does not spill large amounts of the substance in an unventilated space or suck one's thumb after using it, nitromethane is relatively benign. The challenge for survivors entails finding a source of affordable nitromethane, which may mean putting a long- term, well-programmed procurement plan into place.
Now the trick is to combine them in an effective and reasonably safe manner. As with most things in life, there is a downside. The process is not nearly as simple as one would hope, but it is possible, even for chemists with only high school training, to carry it out My strong suggestion remains that anyone contemplating home manufacture of C-4 thoroughly think through both the process and the consequences before he proceeds.
The following procedure yields an extremely powerful explo- sive. Tt dwarfs anything available on the commercial market. Even percent Hy-drive dynamite pales into fire- cracker class compared to the explosive you may produce.
Those who decide to proceed are also reminded that 1 17 18 Homemade C-4 they are probably violating federal law, and 2 they should already know how to handle conventional commercial explosives competently before attempting this procedure.
Experimenters should start with small test batches, remem- bering that those who fail to use caution, common sense, and care could face disastrous results. Compared to manufacturing some other explosives, pro- ducing this C-4 substitute is not particularly difficult or dangerous. What danger does exist comes when combining the materials, which can be done at the last moment imme- diately preceding actual use.
Nevertheless, the procedures are exacting.
Those who are untrained in chemistry or who are sloppy or careless will not succeed. Now that my warning is complete, let's begin. The first step is to dry the ammonium nitrate and keep it dry.
Where the humidity is high, this is a difficult to vir- tually impossible task. Start by taking a one-pound coffee can or its equivalent from a freshly opened bag of ammonium nitrate.
The coffee can will hold one-and-one-half to two pounds of prilled ammonium nitrate. A one-pound can provides a greater height relative to diameter, which makes the volume less dense and aids in its drying. Seal the unused bag of ammonium nitrate away in double plastic garbage bags immediately after removing the amount needed.
Place the can in an electric oven set at the lowest possible setting and dry in the oven for a minimum of three hours. Be careful that the temperature never goes above degrees Fahrenheit.
Doing this properly will require a good-quality, lab-grade, dial-read thermometer available from chemical supply firms or catalogs. Ammonium nitrate liquefies at about degrees F and will blow at about degrees F. Before it explodes, it will Home Manufacture of C-4 19 Scoop out two pounds of the ammonium nitrate prill into a one-pound coffee can.
The height relative to diameter of the one-pound can makes the volume less dense and aids in its drying.
Dry the prill in an oven set at a low temperature not to exceed degrees F for at least three hours, but don't let the prill melt. Ammonium nitrate vapors are toxic, so it is essential that the temperature stays low and the room is well-ventilated.
On completion of the heating cycle, cap the can immediately and seal in double garbage bags. Even double sealed, the dried ammonium nitrate will absorb moisture and can be stored for no more than 12 days.
Homemade C-4 Measure exactly milliliters of dried ammonium nitrate prill. The specific gravity of ammonium nitrate is 1. On completion of the heating cycle, seal the dried prill in the coffee can and place it in double, sealed plastic bags.
At most, this material will last 10 to 12 days before absorbing too much moisture -even though it is triple-sealed. Always make sure the seals are completely zipped and airtight. Place about milliliters about grams of this oven-dried material in an ovenproof glass dish. Cover the prill with the type of denatured ethyl alcohol used to carry moisture out of gas lines available from paint and auto- motive supply houses at about seven dollars per gallon.
Stir this mixture around for about three minutes or until the alcohol turns a muddy, cloudy brown. Drain off the Home Manufacture of C-4 21 Wash the sample in fresh denatured alcohol to remove the remaining moisture. download the alcohol from a paint or auto-supply store. As soon as the alcohol turns brown, the process is completed. Throw the alcohol away.
Home Manufacture of C-4 23 Heat for three or four minutes until the alcohol is completely evaporated. Homemade C-4 alcohol by straining through a seine or screen. Dump the gram sample back into the dish and gently heat over low heat. I use a stainless steel wok at the lowest heat setting, but you could also use your stove top or a hot plate. Use a thermometer to be certain the sample stays below degrees F.
Immediately after the alcohol wash, grind the prill to avoid moisture absorption. Various methods can be used to do this.
Some survivors use two flat hardwood boards, a mortar and pestle, or even an electric coffee grinder. By whatever means, reduce the prill to talcum-powder consis- tency. If the prill is not ground finely enough, it may be necessary to sieve the powder. It is hoped this step will be unnecessary.
Makers will note that the ammonium nitrate begins to cake and lump from moisture when removed from the grinder. Sieving only exacerbates this situation. Quickly tamp or pack the powder into a container. This must be done before the ammonium nitrate begins to reat- tract moisture so it isn't always possible to do a thorough job. Preventing moisture absorption is your primary con- cern so work quickly. When selecting a container, make certain that it is air- tight.
Old medicine or spice botdes work nicely. Some commercial makers use custom-made, thin-walled alumi- num cylinders that look much like containers for high- priced cigars. Although the finished product is doughlike and can be put in a plastic bag to mold around a girder or squash into a crack, it seems to have considerably more power when packed tightly in a rigid cylinder.
Grind the prill to a fine talcum-powder consistency. It is extremely deliquescent moisture- absorbent , so seal it as soon as possible.
Note the lumps starting to form immediately after exposure to air. This step should be avoided if possible because it exposes the ammonium nitrate to moisture for a longer period. Home Manufacture of C-4 29 certainty. However, the packed material produced larger holes in the ground because it apparently cakes better with the nitromethane when held tightly in a rigid configuration. Whatever container is used, the maker must know exactly how many grams of ammonium nitrate it will hold. Also, there appears to be a minimum amount of powder that can be detonated.
With less than grams about 10 ounces , it is tough to bury the cap thoroughly and secure a good detonation. When deciding on container size and the amount of ammonium nitrate to use, remember to leave a small space at the top of the container for the liquid nitromethane.
Using the correct amount of nitromethane to sensitize the ammonium nitrate is much more critical than one would first suppose. I avoided the need for scales by using metric measurements wherein weight and volume using specific gravity become identical. Despite almost driving our family into poverty by my many costly experiments, I still do not feel I have all of the answers pertaining to this process. My experiments indicate that one should use slightly less than one-third nitro- methane by volume, but this seems to vary from one gallon of nitromethane to the next and from one bag of ammonium nitrate to the next.
Too much nitromethane will kill the mixture, while too little will not sufficiently sensitize the ammonium nitrate. When dumped on the powdered prill, the proper amount of nitromethane will cause the powder to bubble slightly. It is almost as if there were live clams in the container, blowing in the sand after the surf rolls over them.
Too much nitro will produce 30 Homemade C-4 Pack the dried, ground ammonium nitrate in an airtight plastic container, such as a pill bottle that will hold about grams of powder and the nitromethane gram charges are sufficient for most jobs survivors demand of an explosive.
Solidly packed charges in rigid containers seem to have more force than charges held in loosely packed containers. Again, remember that the container for the ammonium nitrate must be absolutely airtight.
I used plastic pill bottles that contained about grams about 1 1 ounces of powdered ammonium nitrate, and they produced very powerful blasts. A hit from this much explo- sive is awesome and probably sufficient to demolish small bridges, trucks, and maybe even to knock tread off a tank.
Certainly in groups of two or three fired together, it would do the job. To this gram container, I added about 75 to 80 milli- liters of pure nitromethane.
Getting just the right amount will require experimentation. Unfortunately, I know of no formula that states precisely how much nitromethane to use. As a rough starting point, try one part nitromethane to three parts of ammonium nitrate by volume or two parts Home Manufacture of C-4 31 When combined, the powder blows a few bubbles and then cakes into a tough plastic substance. The explosive will be more powerful if the caking process is undisturbed.
Combine the two materials at the blast site as a precautionary measure. Mix 80 milliliters of nitromethane into the grams of ammonium nitrate. The ratio should be approximately one-third nitromethane by volume or two parts nitromethane to five parts ammonium nitrate by weight Precise formulas must be determined by trial and error because reactions vary from sample to sample of nitromethane and ammonium nitrate.
At this point, the material is cap-sensitive but does not readily detonate when dropped or shot with a firearm. Theoretically, the material should sensitize in five minutes, but I get better results by waiting twenty minutes.
Once the nitromethane is poured into the ammonium ni- trate, there is no need to be overly concerned about moisture getting into the powder. Water would, of course, wash the mash away if it were exposed, but the plastic bottle should solve that problem. This explosive would not be the first choice for those undertaking underwater demo- litions work, but it could be used if no other explosive material were available.
When mixed, the shelf life seems to be a couple of weeks or more. At this writing I am not aware of any reason -other than psychological -why this material could not be combined and sensitized ahead of time.
Storing the mixed explosive Home Manufacture of C-4 33 Adding powdered aluminum to the ammonium nitrate and nitromethane mixture produced this nine-inch hole in the foreground. For information purposes only!
Click here to see available docket information and document downloads for this case. Protect yourself, your family and property with a cheap homemade flamethrower!
Ragnar's homemade detonators: Ragnars Detonators Topics: Modern weapons caching: WeaponsCaching Topics: Forget about using the old "dead-baby's birth-certificate" ruse to get new ID. Everyone's on to that trick. What you need is the know-how to make your own documents on a home computer. And by following the simple instructions in here, you can.
Survival, DIY. And by following the simple instructions in here, you can Topics: Survival, Self-Sufficiency. Serious survivors know that the day may come when they need something more powerful than commercial dynamite or common improvised explosives.
For blowing bridges, shattering steel and derailing tanks, they need C But, as with many of the goodies survivors hunger for, C-4 is not legally available to civilians and is hard to come by on the black market. Ragnar's recipe for homemade C-4 calls for just three ingredients, all legal, common and inexpensive. It requires no special utensils, C-4, explosives.