Request PDF on ResearchGate | Sikh Ethnonationalism and the Political Economy of Punjab | Explains how the Sikh separatist movement for Khalistan. Download This Paper Open PDF in Browser Punjab economy is ailing as water level is rapidly falling and quality of soil is deteriorating. Political Economy - Development: International Development Efforts & Strategies. Geographical area: m ha. • Net sown area: m ha. • Gross Cropped area: m ha. • Cropping intensity: %. • Irrigated area: 98%.
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The Political Economy of Punjab: Creating Space for Sikh Militancy. Hamish Telford The first page of the PDF of this article appears above. PreviousNext. flourished in rural economy of Punjab and generated enough Punjab economy , the political leadership indulged in profligacy, which resulted. Electoral Politics in Punjab Study of Akali Dal Parliamentary and assembly in the electoral politics of Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) – politico-economic issues.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In spite of several advantages, there is one major disadvantage that the total spindlage capacity of the state is only 1. Dera Bassi , Ludhiana is known as manchester of India. Batala was once called as "Iron bird of Asia" as it produced the highest amount of C. Casting, Agricultural and mechanical machinery.
Broadcasting has been especially important in the dissemination of vocational and cultural education throughout the state.
In addition, there are more than specialized colleges and technical institutions. The works of Sufi poet Waris Shah greatly enriched Punjabi literature in the second half of the 18th century.
Kulwant Singh Virk is one of the best-known writers of short stories in Punjabi.
There also are numerous anniversary celebrations in honour of the Gurus the 10 historical leaders of Sikhism and various saints. Dancing is a typical feature of such festivities, with bhangra , jhumar, and sammi among the most popular genres. Giddha , a native Punjabi tradition, is a humorous song-and-dance genre performed by women.
Its chief motifs, such as the dome and the geometric design, are repeated in most of the Sikh places of worship. The Harmandir Sahib is rich in gold filigree work, panels with floral designs, and marble facings inlaid with coloured stones. History The foundations of the present Punjab were laid by Banda Singh Bahadur , a hermit who became a military leader and, with his fighting band of Sikhs , temporarily liberated the eastern part of the province from Mughal rule in — By —65 the Sikhs had established their dominance in the area.
Ranjit Singh — subsequently built up the Punjab region into a powerful Sikh kingdom and attached to it the adjacent provinces of Multan , Kashmir , and Peshawar all of which are now fully or partially administered by Pakistan.
By the late 19th century, however, the Indian nationalist movement took hold in the province. One of the most significant events associated with the movement was the Massacre of Amritsar , which resulted from an order given by the British general Reginald Edward Harry Dyer to fire on a group of some 10, Indians who had convened to protest new antisubversion regulations enacted by the British administration; according to one report, nearly died and about 1, were injured in the conflict.
When India gained its independence in , the British province of Punjab was split between the new sovereign states of India and Pakistan, and the smaller, eastern portion became part of India. Joanjoc After independence, the history of the Indian Punjab was dominated by Sikh agitation for a separate Punjabi -speaking state, led by Tara Singh and later by his political successor, Sant Fateh Singh. Political and administrative leadership for the enlarged Punjab was provided by Sardar Partap Singh Kairon, chief minister of the state from to Eventually, the government of India met the demand.
On November 1, , Punjab was divided on the basis of language into the mostly Hindi -speaking state of Haryana and the new, primarily Punjabi-speaking state of Punjab; meanwhile, the northernmost districts were transferred to Himachal Pradesh , and the newly constructed city of Chandigarh and its immediate surroundings became a separate union territory.
Though not a part of either state, the city of Chandigarh was retained as the joint administrative headquarters, or capital, of both Haryana and Punjab. Pesticides introduced in the Green Revolution  played an important part in the bustling cotton industry. The most common biopesticides in Punjab are Bacillus thuringiensis Bt. With the introduction of Bt cotton, the total Punjab cotton area increased from , hectares in to , hectares in During this time frame, production of cotton has also increased: from 1.
The direct and indirect employ of textile doings in the state of Punjab is predictable at 2 Million people. Butter Sivian Near Baba Bakala One of the salient feature of the sugar industry is that out of the 22 mills, 15 are in the Co-operative sector and 7 are privately owned. Compared to the state of Uttar Pradesh and some other Indian states, the size of the sugar mills in Punjab is small. The Co-operative sugar mill at Morinda is the biggest in the state with a daily crushing capacity of 4, tonnes of sugarcane.
Six of the cooperative sugar mills are inoperative while the remaining nine crush cane during the season which is about days. Dairy industry[ edit ] The primary source of milk and other dairy products in the state is the buffalo. The state ranks at the top in the country in the availability of milk after Haryana and gujarat.
The plant at Moga is the biggest plant in the state with a processing capacity of nearly thousand litres of milk. A new Thermal plant is set up in Rajpura Punjab with megawatt of power capacity inaugurated on 8 December Another Thermal Plant in Bathinda with capacity of Megawatt power will come up soon.
Ropar thermal power plant consists of six units capable of generating MW each. Business and infrastructure[ edit ] Punjab has good infrastructure. Its road, rail, air and transport system is rated one of the best in the country with ranking of points compared to the national average of in NCAER's infrastructure index.