PDF | Since the initial observations of oral bacteria within dental plaque by van Leeuwenhoek using his primitive microscopes in Oral microbiology. Background and introduction. Philip Marsh, Michael Martin. Pages PDF · The mouth as a microbial habitat. Philip Marsh, Michael Martin. Journal of Oral Microbiology. Impact Factor. Article. Preliminary study of the oral mycobiome of children with and without dental caries · xml.
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download Clinical Oral Microbiology - 1st Edition. Print Book DRM-free (EPub, PDF, Mobi). × DRM-Free Part 4 Diagnostic Oral Microbiology 13 Use of the. Oral Microbiology and Immunology. MUNKSGAARD DANMARK. Gunnar Dahlén. Nils-Erik Fiehn. Ingar Olsen. Ulf Dahlgren (contributor). Salisbury, UK, and Professor of Oral Microbiology, Leeds Dental Institute, Reader in Oral Microbiology, School of Dentistry, Cardiff University.
The environment present in the human mouth allows the growth of characteristic microorganisms found there. It provides a source of water and nutrients, as well as a moderate temperature. With the appearance of the teeth during the first year colonization by Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis occurs as these organisms colonise the dental surface and gingiva. Other strains of streptococci adhere strongly to the gums and cheeks but not to the teeth. The gingival crevice area supporting structures of the teeth provides a habitat for a variety of anaerobic species.
Bacteroides and spirochetes colonize the mouth around puberty. Saliva plays a considerable role in influencing the oral microbiome. The mouth is a rich environment for hundreds of species of bacteria since saliva is mostly water and plenty of nutrients pass through the mouth each day.
When kissing, it takes only 10 seconds for no less than 80 million bacteria to be exchanged by the passing of saliva. However, the effect is transitory, as each individual quickly returns to their own equilibrium.
Oral ecology is being more comprehensively mapped, including the tongue, the teeth, the gums, salivary glands, etc. In cases of imbalance in the equilibrium, oral microorganisms grow out of control and cause oral diseases such as tooth decay and periodontal disease. Several studies have also linked poor oral hygiene to infection by pathogenic bacteria.
Dental plaque is the material that adheres to the teeth and consists of bacterial cells mainly S. Plaque is a biofilm on the surfaces of the teeth.
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Oral Microbiology. Front Matter Pages i-xv. Oral microbiology. Background and introduction. Pages The mouth as a microbial habitat. The resident oral microflora.
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