Traffic and Road Safety Signs in India - Know about the different symbols and rules for road safety and traffic including mandatory, informatory. Road signs in the Republic of India are similar to those used in some parts of the United . Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. It is necessary to follow all the traffic rules and regulations and therefore you need to have an understanding of traffic signs and traffic symbols.
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International Driver's License Application online musicmarkup.info Road Traffic Signs in India. Mandatory/Regulatory Signs. Stop. Give way. No entry. Straight. Road Traffic Signs Recognition Chart. STOP. GIVE WAY. NO ENTRY. PEDESTRIAN. PROHIBITED. RIGHT TURN. PROHIBITED. LEFT TURN. PROHIBITED. All material and graphics produced in this publication are for illustrative purposes only. The list of all road signs is indicative, it is not exhaustive and for full.
Traffic signs are the silent speakers on the road. Be it the person behind the wheel or a pedestrian, having a sound knowledge about road safety is absolutely necessary for all before hitting the roads. Traffic signs give information about the road conditions ahead, provide instructions to be followed at the major crossroads or junctions, warn or guide drivers, and ensure proper functioning of road traffic. Being unaware of road signs is akin to throwing caution to the wind. It can lead to loss of life and property. A person is supposed to be familiar get through a written or oral test with the traffic signs and symbols before acquiring a driving license in India. These traffic signs are used to ensure free movement of traffic and make the road users cognisant of certain laws and regulations, restrictions and prohibitions.
Legislation Rules for compulsory wearing of helmets by two wheelers and seat belts by four wheelers must be implemented. Enforce traffic rules by the concerned authorities strictly. Removal of stray animals like cattle and removal of encroachments on footpath and road margins will enable smooth flow of traffic. Preventing haphazard parking of vehicles on busy roads and intersections to ensure free flow of traffic. Provision of ambulances and trained health personals in shifting and transporting the injured person to nearby hospitals for treatment.
Awareness creation among all sections of the society to treat accident victims with sympathy and without fear so that the morbidity and mortality can be reduced. First Aid in Road Accidents Many deaths and impact of injuries can be prevented with first aid if causalities are treated immediately. The basic aims of first aid are To save life, To protect the casualty from getting more harm, To reduce pain and priorities of casualty treatment.
Immediate requirements in a RTA situation are as follows. Critical 4 min One of the most common causes of a road accident death is due to loss of oxygen supply. This is mostly caused by a blocked airway. Normally it takes less than 4 min for a blocked airway to cause death.
If proper first aid is given, road accident victims have a greater chance of survival and a reduction in the severity of their injuries. The presidents and prime ministers of these countries are expressing their commitment and launching national plans for the Decade, which seeks to save 5 million lives over the year period.
India is also a committed partner in this campaign and on May 11 the event was launched with greater commitment to minimize road accidents. Effective community participation also plays a key role in the prevention of RTA.
Addressing the risks of these three groups will require multiple policy initiatives. The real pressure and motivation to improve driving skills can come only through licensing authorities by adopting stricter, more comprehensive, and scientifically based tests, laying a stress on road rules, regulations, and traffic control devices.
The safety on our roads needs to be given the highest priority by governments as well as the public at an all-India level. The national road safety and traffic management board bill, The Bill seeks to establish a National Road Safety and Traffic Management Board for the development and regulation of road safety, traffic management system, and safety standards in highway design and construction.
The functions of the Board include recommending minimum standards for design, construction, and maintenance of national highways, recommending minimum standards for trauma and paramedical facilities for traffic-related injuries on the national highway, and conduct safety audits to monitor compliance with the standards notified by the central government. It also recommends minimum safety standards for the manufacture of mechanically propelled vehicles and other types of vehicles, recommends minimum conditions of safety such as specifying the maximum load bearing and capacity limits, recommends standards for vehicular traffic on the national highways speed lanes, right of way , conduct research on road safety and management, establish procedure for data collection, involve nongovernment organizations in the promotion of road safety, and provide for special requirement of women, children, and senior citizens.
The legislation was introduced in May and sought to create separate national and state boards to address road safety issues, including road engineering, awareness campaigns to reduce accidents on national and state highways, and coordination with different agencies on safety issues. Two years after it was rejected by a parliamentary standing committee with a stinging critique, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has decided to give another push to National Road Safety and Traffic Management Board Bill in the current financial year.
According to the amendment, the use of mobile phones or iPads while driving could be subjected to a fine of Rs for the first offence, with Rs and Rs chargeable for the second time. For overspeeding, a fine ranging between Rs and Rs can be imposed for the first offence and for the second offence Rs and Rs There is no substantial change in the penalty of rash driving.
While the same offence a second time will cost you between Rs and Rs The bill has categorized driving under influence as follows.
In the case of death in a road accident, the compensation proposed has been hiked from Rs 25, to Rs , In the case of serious injury, the compensation would be Rs 50, As per the new bill, motor insurance claims have to be filed within a year of the accident.
The Supreme Court emphasized the need for making it obligatory for hospitals and medical practitioners to provide emergency medical care. Even in spite of this legal protection, the emergency care to accident victims is delayed resulting in loss of precious lives.
Road Safety Information Systems Road Traffic Injuries are one of the leading causes of premature deaths, hospitalizations, disabilities, and socioeconomic losses. The problem is hidden and unrecognized due to the absence of good quality information within the health and related sectors. The currently available data reveal only the number of deaths due to different causes of injuries which is not enough to formulate injury prevention programs.
The Injury surveillance system aims at collecting relevant information from a large number of participating organizations in a uniform way to understand injury profiles and characteristics. Reliable and scientific information is one of the basic requisites to plan, implement, and evaluate road safety activities. Information of RTI is primarily collected by the Police department and sufficient information is not available from the health sector and under-reporting is a serious issue undermining the public health burden and impact of RTIs.
In this context, the Bengaluru injury and road traffic injury surveillance program had been initiated in under the auspices of the Indian Council of Medical Research, World Health Organization India country office and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi. This project was planned to develop a surveillance program with data collection from 25 major hospitals in Bengaluru along with linkages to police records.
As a pilot project, this program was initiated in Bengaluru, Pune, and New Delhi. Depending on the experiences and the lessons learnt, the program will be expanded to other parts of India. IDSP is a decentralized, state-based surveillance program in the country, which is intended to detect early warning signals of impending outbreaks and help initiate an effective response in a timely manner.
But the role of the medical professionals in advocacy for the prevention and control of RTA is always under-rated. The role of health sector is to provide appropriate prehospital and hospital care and rehabilitation for victims, improve data collection, contribute to policies, develop prevention activities, conduct advocacy, and contribute to the implementation and evaluation of interventions.
To sum up, the road traffic injury prevention can be achieved by Avoiding overspeeding and following speed limits Avoiding drunken driving Use of helmets by two-wheeler drivers Use of seat belts and child restraints in cars Improving visibility, appropriate headlights and road lightings Obeying traffic rules.
Conclusions India's Motor Vehicles Act lagging far behind the needs of a fast-motorizing society is painfully evident from its road safety record.
Such an agency is vital to set standards for road design, inspect existing roads, and investigate accidents scientifically. But strict implementation of traffic rules and stringent punishments alone will not solve the persisting crisis. Change in the mind set of riders and drivers and road users realizing their responsibilities alone will bring about a change.
Most countries have a multidisciplinary approach to traffic planning and road design. Times of India. Retrieved Transport in India. Traffic signs.
Warning sign Regulatory sign Prohibitory traffic sign Mandatory sign Special regulation sign Stop sign Yield sign Crossbuck Dead End sign One-way traffic Speed limit by country Advisory speed limit Information sign Direction, position, or indication sign Variable-message sign Bilingual sign Driver location signs Logo sign Priority to the right.
Botswana Mauritius South Africa Zimbabwe.
Canada Mexico United States. Australia New Zealand.
Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia. It can lead to loss of life and property. A person is supposed to be familiar get through a written or oral test with the traffic signs and symbols before acquiring a driving license in India. Mandatory Signs: These traffic signs are used to ensure free movement of traffic and make the road users cognisant of certain laws and regulations, restrictions and prohibitions. Violation of these road safety signs is an offense, as per law.
Cautionary Signs: These traffic signs make the road users conscious of hazardous conditions on the road beforehand. The drivers, accordingly, take necessary actions to handle the situation. Informatory Signs: These traffic signs guide road users about destinations, distance, alternative routes, and prominent locations like food joints, public toilets, nearby hospitals, etc.
Road Safety Education Education about road safety is often provided in schools, colleges, workplaces, clubs and public places. However, there could be other ways to create mass awareness: Distribute booklets and pamphlets in schools.